Do you know what steps to take before, during and after an earthquake?
These simple steps will help reduce your risk during an earthquake and help you get back on your feet after it hits.
Source: Earthquake Country Alliance
Falling objects or furniture can cause injury or death.
Move or secure items in your home that could move and hurt people, like bookcases and water heaters.
Place heavy things on lower shelves and fasten them with putty.
Use closed hooks to hang mirrors and pictures.
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Earthquakes are unpredictable, but you can take measures to be ready when they come. Here are a few tips.
- Make sure to create a plan with family members so you know what to do during and earthquake and where to meet afterward. Run through drills.
- Place shoes and a flashlight by every bed
- Identify what resources are available in your neighborhood and know who has medical training or first aid and CPR certifications.
- Figure out where to live if your home is destroyed by an earthquake or other calamity.
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Have personal disaster kits in accessible locations.
You should have one at home, one in your car and one at work.
They should include a flashlight, batteries, medication, a whistle, portable radio, first aid kit, food, water, sturdy shoes, cash and other items.
Household kits should also be easy to grab and should have water and food for at least 72-hours, gloves, a wrench to turn off gas and water, flashlights, blankets, sleeping bags and items for pets, among other items.
To learn more about what to include in your kit, click here.
Here are some tips to make sure financial impacts from the big one are kept at a minimum:
- Put insurance cards, IDs, emergency contacts and photos of items in your home in an easy to grab bag.
- Make sure your home's foundation is not damaged and consider replacing pier and post foundations with a continuous foundation around the home's perimeter.
- Brace crawl space, or cripple, walls under a home with plywood.
- Make sure your first story is adequately supported.
- If you live in a brick home, make sure the structure is reinforced.
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When an earthquake hits, take these three steps to protect yourself:
- Drop to your knees before the earthquake can knock you down
- Cover your body, or at least your head and neck, under a hardy table or desk.
- If these are not available, find an interior wall or low furniture that won't topple. Use your hands and arms to cover your head and neck.
- Hold on to whatever your choose as your shelter. If you have no shelter, hold on to your head and neck. Move with whatever you are using as your shelter.
To learn what to do if you are in bed, outside or driving during an earthquake, click here.
After an earthquake hits, evacuate only if there is danger nearby. If you live in an area where tsunamis are possible, head to higher ground.
If you become trapped, shield your eyes, mouth and nose from the dust. Put pressure on any area that is bleeding severely. Try and get help by using your cell phone, emergency whistle or by knocking three times every few minutes.
Help anyone who is injured. Do not move someone with serious injuries unless you think they will be hurt more if you leave them.
If you are trained, put out any fires. If not, evacuate the area. Turn off gas if you suspect a leak. Shut off your main power breaker if you think the wiring in your home was damaged by the quake.
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Reconnect with family and community members.
Reach out to an out-of-state emergency contact (arrange to have a contact before an emergency hits).
If you have access, check online, radio or TV reports of where to get emergency food, clothing, financial help, medical assistance and other needs.
Eat food in your fridge and freezer first. Try to keep your freezer closed as much as possible. Eat canned food after the refrigerated or frozen food is gone or spoiled.
Check your home for safety or head to a shelter.
For information on what to check in your home once you're back, or what to bring to a shelter, click here.