Temple Square, a 10-acre complex owned by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, is one of Utah's most popular tourist attractions.
In 2009, Forbes ranked Temple Square the 16th most visited site in the United States, with 5 million annual visitors.
As the 185th Annual General Conference of the LDS Church approaches, Temple Square is preparing for its semiannual influx in visitors.
DeseretNews.com has compiled this list of 18 must-see attractions for new and seasoned visitors who will flock to Temple Square in the next two weeks.
The 11-foot statue of Jesus Christ is located at the top of the rotunda in the North Visitors' Center.
The statue can be viewed from outside the building through glass windows and up close on the second floor of the visitors' center.
The North Visitors' Center is open to the public daily from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m.
Visitors can take in a view of the Salt Lake Valley and the Wasatch Mountains from the 26th floor of the LDS Church Office Building.
Observation decks are located on the east and west sides of the building.
The Church Office Building observation deck is open Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. (October through March) and Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. (April through September).
The roof of the Conference Center is home to a garden, which was featured in the October 2006 issue of Landscape Architecture magazine.
Native flowers, grasses and trees can be found throughout the grounds.
Tours of the roof are free. A tour is given Monday through Friday at 10 a.m., no appointment necessary. Visitors can meet the guide inside Door 15 of the Conference Center.
Private tour appointments can be scheduled by calling the Garden Tours Office. Garden tours are available April through October.
The newly opened Family Discovery Center, located on the main floor of the Joseph Smith Memorial Building, offers visitors an immersive experience into their own family history.
According to the LDS Church News, "Upon entry, a visitor is given a tablet computer on which he enters his FamilySearch login. This becomes the visitor’s personal guide as he or she takes it to any of the individual stations."
Visits can be scheduled at Familysearch.org. Walk-in guests are allowed based on availability.
The granite structure took more than 40 years to build. The cornerstones were laid on April 6, 1853, and President Wilford Woodruff dedicated the building on April 6, 1893.
The walls are 9 feet thick at the base and 6 feet thick at the top, according to templesquare.com.
Although the temple is not open for tours, the grounds around the structure are open every day from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m.
To view the Salt Lake Temple from another angle, visit the 10th floor of the Joseph Smith Memorial Building.
An observation deck is located on the west side of the building, which provides a clear view of the temple.
The Joseph Smith Memorial Building is open Monday through Saturday from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m.
The burial site of Brigham Young, a former LDS prophet, and Eliza R. Snow, a former Relief Society president, is located just one block from Temple Square at 140 E. First Ave.
The site also houses a monument that honors the 6,000 pioneers who lost their lives crossing the plains.
The Mormon Pioneer Memorial Monument is open daily until 8 p.m., but the gates are locked during inclement weather.
Catch a performance by the world-renowned Mormon Tabernacle Choir.
The choir can be seen Sunday mornings during the live broadcast of "Music and the Spoken Word" at 9:30 a.m. in the Tabernacle or during the choir's weekly Thursday night rehearsals at 7:30 p.m., which are open to the public. The choir practices are generally held at the Tabernacle but move to the Conference Center from June 1 to Sept. 1 and during December. (The choir does not have performances or practices while on tour. Click here to see a calendar of upcoming events.)
The Tabernacle, built in 1875, is home to an 11,623-pipe organ and features an auditorium that is "so acoustically sensitive that a pin dropped at the pulpit can be clearly heard at the back of the hall, 170 feet away," according to templesquare.com.
The Tabernacle is open every day from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. Daily organ recitals are held Monday through Saturday at 12 p.m. and Sunday at 2 p.m.
An 88-inch, near-identical replica of the Salt Lake Temple can be seen in the South Visitors' Center on Temple Square.
The model was added to the visitors' center on May 28, 2010, and is a permanent exhibit.
“This replica will show the millions of visitors who come to Temple Square the beauty and majesty of this sacred and historic building,” Elder Richard G. Hinckley, executive director of the Missionary Department, told the Mormon Newsroom.
Many rooms in the temple are shown, including the baptistry, ordinance rooms and the assembly hall, as well as rooms where the First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve Apostles meet.
According to the Mormon Newsroom, paintings, lamps and chandeliers like those found inside the temple are included in the model.
The South Visitors' Center is open daily from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m.
On the southeast corner of Temple Square is a small statuette called the Base and Meridian, which was installed in 1855 and is the point from which all Salt Lake City streets were named and numbered.
The grid system for the Salt Lake Valley originates from this location, where the coordinates are 0 East, 0 West, 0 North, and 0 South.
Brigham Young's former home, built in 1854, is now known as the Beehive House. It is located just south of the Church Office Building on 67 E. South Temple.
President Young lived in this home while he served as president of the LDS Church and governor of the Utah Territory.
The Beehive House displays objects that belonged to President Young and his family, according to Templesquare.com. Tours are available every day from 9 a.m. to 8:30 p.m.
At the Church History Library, visitors can view the "Foundations of Faith" exhibit, which includes a first-edition copy of the Book of Mormon, a page from the original manuscript of the Book of Mormon, Joseph Smith's journal, a letter from Liberty Jail and many other documents.
The Church History Museum, which is closed for renovation, will open September 2015 and will house a new exhibit titled "The Heavens are Opened."
This exhibit will feature interactive media focusing on LDS Church history from 1820-1846. A new movie depicting Joseph Smith's First Vision will also be shown in the First Vision Theater.
The Church History Library is open Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.; Thursday from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m.; and Saturday from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m.
The Church History Museum hours have not yet been determined.
The Conference Center not only houses a 21,000-seat auditorium, a 7,667-pipe organ and a 900-seat theater, but it is also home to 12 of Arnold Friberg's large-scale Book of Mormon paintings.
The Conference Center is open daily from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. The last tour begins at 8 p.m.
The Relief Society Building opened in 1956 and is the headquarters for the General Relief Society Presidency, General Young Women Presidency and the General Primary Presidency.
The building houses six original paintings by Minerva Teichert, including "Christ in a Red Robe," "Pioneer Arriving," "Look to Your Children," "Betty and the Seagulls," "Return of Captive Israel" and "Handcart Pioneers."
The Relief Society Building is open Monday through Friday from 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
The North Visitors' Center houses 12 paintings that depict Jesus Christ's life.
The paintings include pieces by Carl Heinrich Bloch, reproductions of Harry Anderson's work by Grant Romney Clawson and an original piece by Clawson.
The North Visitors' Center is open daily from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m.
The Legacy Theater, located in the Joseph Smith Memorial Building, seats 500 and is showing "Meet the Mormons," the LDS Church's feature-length documentary.
The film can be viewed Monday through Saturday at the following times: 11 a.m., 1 p.m., 3 p.m., 5 p.m. and 7 p.m.
The Lion House Pantry is known for its homemade rolls. It is best to visit the pantry before 1 p.m., as the rolls sell out quickly.
The Lion House is open Monday through Saturday, 11 a.m. to 8 p.m.