1 of 9
National Park Service
Great Sand Dunes National Monument in Colorado was reduced in size by 25 percent by President Dwight D. Eisenhower from its original size of 35,528 acres. The president reduced it by 8,920 acres.

SALT LAKE CITY — The 45 days leading up to the controversial recommendation by Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke has been punctuated by a vocal chorus of opponents and critics who say their cause is justified.

Zinke has been the focus of their strident campaigns.

Now that the recommendation on the Bears Ears National Monument has been made, what type of precedent is set for going about the shrinking of a monument's boundaries?

The Deseret News takes a look.

National Park Service
Great Sand Dunes National Monument in Colorado was reduced in size by 25 percent by President Dwight D. Eisenhower from its original size of 35,528 acres. The president reduced it by 8,920 acres.
National Park Service
President Harry S. Truman diminished the acreage of the Santa Rosa Island National Monument in Florida by almost half. The original 9,500-acre reservation by President Franklin D. Roosevelt was diminished by 4,700 acres.
National Park Service
Presidents William Howard Taft, Woodrow Wilson and Calvin Coolidge collectively reduced the reservation for Mount Olympus National Monument — now a national park — by almost half. The largest came from President Wilson in 1915, cutting 313,280 acres from the original 639,200-acre monument in Washington state.
National Park Service
The largest percentage reduction was by President Taft in 1912 to his own prior reservation in 1909 for the Navajo National Monument. (His elimination of 320 acres from the original 360-acre reservation was an 89 percent reduction.)
National Park Service
Glacier Bay National Monument was designated in 1925 by President Calvin Coolidge, expanded in 1939 and then reduced in size in 1955 by President Dwight D. Eisenhower who altered the boundaries by roughly 20,000 acres. His decision excluded the homesteader community of Gustavus at the time and transferred some land to a national forest.