Nicole Taylor shares seven ways to help children cope with teasing.

“You can’t sit here.” “You are so slow!” “You’re stupid.” “Your shoes are weird. The laces are broken!” That last one is my personal favorite. It was said to my 7-year-old son, Josh, who promptly made me get him new laces.

In kindergarten, Josh was the new kid. We had many chats about how it’s OK to be shy, but it’s more fun when we’re not. On the playground, he spent several weeks watching the other kids play “dragons.” Every day, he would come home and tell me he wished he could play. Every day, I told him, “You just have to ask. They’ll probably say yes.” Finally, he did ask. They did say yes, followed by months of happy recess time and new friends. I felt like a fantastic mother.

Then we hit first grade. He was no longer the new kid; he had two friends from our street in his class. I wasn’t worried. But in first grade, it is no longer just the little kids on the playground. Suddenly, there were lots of bigger kids around and lots of insecure kids jockeying for the right to be cool.

The first couple of weeks were rough: He was unable to find any familiar faces amongst the kids at recess and then was called countless names; he was told he couldn’t play, couldn’t sit with people at lunch and couldn’t run fast enough. He even had two good friends exclude him from a secret club. I was appalled.

Josh is athletic, smart, funny and has lots of friends whom he plays with regularly. But he is also quiet and kind and won’t fight back. He even hates when I listen to talk radio because they “talk mean.” I watched all of this bullying happening with an aching mother’s heart, and I pondered what to do.

What can we as parents do when others are mean to our kids? How do we give them the confidence they need to not let the criticism pierce their hearts?

If it is a serious case of bullying, we should of course get teachers and other parents involved, but I think a lot of times kids need to work things out themselves or at least try to with varying degrees of support from parents. Here are some suggestions that helped us through the process:

1. Know your child

Of course we want to jump to the defense of our child, but it is important to remember that there are different personalities and multiple sides to every story. In Josh’s case, I knew he was quiet and sensitive and would take any teasing personally, even when another child might blow it off. Knowing your child will help keep things in perspective and help you know when the problem is serious enough to warrant your involvement.

2. Build confidence

Remind your kids frequently of their strengths. Make sure they know who they are and that they have worth, no matter what anyone tells them. Give them opportunities to work out issues with peers whenever possible so that when a situation comes up and you aren’t there, they will have confidence that they can handle it.

3. Don’t hold grudges

I, of course, automatically dislike any child that hurts mine in any way. But there are some things you can change (yourself, your attitude) and some things you can’t (others). People will do and say unkind things, intentionally and unintentionally, and I had to learn for myself and also teach my son that sometimes you just need to let it go.

4. Offer to help

Ask your child if there is something that they want you to do to help with the situation. Usually they will say no, at least initially, but knowing the option is there can make them feel safe.

5. Role play

This gives the opportunity to talk through all of the actions, both positive and negative, that your child can take in response to being bullied. You can then discuss how he or she would feel and what the consequences would be in each scenario before he or she has to make the decision on the spot. In the case of Josh’s two good friends excluding him, we decided he had several options:

  • Tell them that they were not being good friends and ask them to let him play.
  • Say OK and find someone else to play with.
  • Be mean back and refuse to play with them if they asked.
  • Have me talk to their parents.
6. Set the tone

It is easy for a mother to escalate or de-escalate a situation. You can flip out and say, “That’s horrible! Why would anyone do that to you?” or you can calmly say, “That’s too bad. Were you upset about it? Do you think ______ was having a bad day? What do you think you should do about it?”

For example, my sensitive boy got into the car after swim team practice last week. I could tell he was upset and he said, “Mom, some kids were making fun of me because I swim faster than they do.”

To which I replied, “That’s fantastic! You must be doing awesome!”

After our brief conversation he was grinning. If I had said, “I’m so sorry, honey, that’s really mean,” it would have grown into a big deal in his head and could have resulted in him being nervous to go to practice.

7. Give them perspective

Mean happens to everyone. Share stories about your experiences. It can change their outlook. Discuss why the other child might have been mean.

We have so much power as moms. We can instill confidence in our children and give them useful tools so that unkind words don’t pierce their hearts. I use the visual of an arrow bouncing off their skin.

Although watching your child face unkindness from peers can be heartbreaking, there are ways we can help them navigate the harsh realities of the world, and we and they will come out stronger, more resilient and closer to each other as a result.

QUESTION: What can you do to better equip your child to handle a mean kid situation alone?

CHALLENGE: Think of something you can do to build your child’s confidence every day.

This article is courtesy of Power of Moms, an online gathering place for deliberate mothers.