Pope John Paul II visited a former Nazi death camp near Mauthausen, Austria and condemned the ideology that made it possible, but the pontiff angered Austria's chief rabbi by not making any specific reference to the Jews. An estimated 110,000 people died in Mauthausen, the most infamous Austrian concentration camp during the Third Reich. "Here in Mauthausen were people who, in the name of a lunatic ideology, set into motion a whole machinery of contempt and hatred of others," John Paul said during a speech at the site. He also emphasized the pain and death "of all people, especially those who when World War II was raging in Europe, suffered the torture of such camps."