Here, at a glance, are highlights of actions taken Friday by the Supreme Court.
GARNISHThe court made it easier for creditors to garnish employee benefits from workers covered by the federal Employee Retirement Income Security Act (RISA). By a 5-4 vote in a case from Georgia, the court said ERISA benefits are not shielded from garnishment even when a state law seeks to protect the benefits from being obtained from creditors.
The court resolved what it called "a peculiar battle" between two federal appeals courts, telling one of those courts to tackle an antitrust dispute over the M-16, the U.S. military standard rifle. The justices unanimously ruled that the Chicago-based 7th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals should rule in the case, not the Washington-based U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit.
The court ruled that 16 Filipino veterans of World War II may not become U.S. citizens under a now-defunct 1942 law that eased requirements for citizenship. The justices, voting 8-0, overturned a ruling that the Reagan administration said could have opened the way to citizenship for thousands of others from the Philippines.
The court struck down an Ohio law that exempted from any deadlines the filing of lawsuits against out-of-state defendants. The court, by an 8-1 vote, ruled that the law unduly interfered with interstate commerce.