WASHINGTON — House Speaker Paul Ryan on Tuesday proposed an overhaul of the nation's poverty programs, the first of several GOP policy plans intended to unite the party around conservative issues and divert from the personality politics of Donald Trump.
The proposal, unveiled at the House of Help City of Hope, an alcohol and drug treatment program in the Anacostia neighborhood of Washington, would make changes to welfare, food and housing aid, among other programs, to increase work requirements, make the aid more efficient and allow states to make more decisions about how it is distributed.
Along with several House committee chairmen, Ryan met with the organization's founder, Shirley Holloway, and later praised her for working with addicted individuals and helping lift them out of poverty. Ryan contrasted that approach with treating the symptoms of poverty through welfare programs.
"They are not isolating the poor, they are elevating the poor," Ryan said of Holloway's organization.
Republicans won't immediately translate most of these ideas into legislation, since they would be vetoed by President Barack Obama. But the idea is to set the stage for the future if a Republican should become president.
Ryan says Republicans need to better define what they are for, not just what they are against. But the policy rollout was overshadowed by questions about Trump and his recent comments.
Questioned by reporters, Ryan said the presumptive Republican nominee made the "textbook definition of a racist comment" in saying an American-born judge isn't qualified to preside over a case because of his Mexican heritage. Still, the speaker stood by his endorsement of Trump, saying he would be a better president to enact his agenda than Democrat Hillary Clinton.
Trump has said U.S. District Court Judge Gonzalo Curiel can't be impartial in lawsuits against Trump University because his parents were born in Mexico and Trump wants to build a wall along the border. Curiel was born in Indiana. Trump's legal team has not sought a recusal of the jurist.
Ryan endorsed Trump last week after a lengthy delay, making clear that his support is largely due to the fact that a Republican president could help him enact his longtime policy goals. Overhauling the nation's welfare and nutrition programs has long been a priority for Ryan, who also plans to release a national security plan on Thursday. Policy plans on regulations, the constitution, health care and taxes will roll out in the coming weeks.
The speaker said he has discussed his agenda with Trump, who has similarly argued that Democrats have failed the poor. Trump has given few specifics on how he would deal with poverty issues, though, beyond creating new jobs and leaving Social Security intact.
Ryan says major change is needed because he believes current programs haven't made much difference in poverty levels and Washington is measuring success by how much it spends, not how much it helps. The idea is to create incentives for states to improve programs, for more beneficiaries to work and for employers to provide more work. Among the policy suggestions is to consolidate some federal food aid and housing aid programs, though the plan does not lay out exactly how that would be done or which programs would be consolidated.
Some of the proposals, such as scaling back the Obama administration's stricter nutrition rules for school meals, are already in motion. The House Energy and Commerce Committee approved legislation along party lines last month that would allow more flexibility to schools in serving meals and reduce the number of free and reduced price meals served in some schools.
But most of his agenda will be put on hold while Obama fills out his term. Democrats immediately dismissed it.
"Sadly, beneath the sugary rhetoric of the poverty proposal unveiled today, Republicans are advancing the same callous, trickle down policies they've been pushing for years," the California lawmaker said in a statement.
The story has been corrected to fix the name of the facility to House of Help City of Hope.
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