LONDON — Russia's track and field athletes will be eligible for the Olympics only if the country falls into line with all global anti-doping rules and the reforms are verifiable, IOC President Thomas Bach said Sunday in an interview with The Associated Press.
"The important goal is not bringing them back," Bach said. "The goal has to be Russia being compliant again with all the international anti-doping regulations. That is the important thing, so that we have an even playing field for all the athletes."
Russia's athletics federation was provisionally suspended by the IAAF on Friday, just days after the country was accused of operating an extensive state-backed doping program in a report by a World Anti-Doping Agency independent panel.
The sanction means that Russia's track and field athletes — including pole vault star and two-time Olympic champion Yelena Isinbayeva — are banned indefinitely from all international competition, a punishment that could cover the 2016 Games in Rio de Janeiro.
Bach said the Russians will need to move swiftly to deliver on reforms that would clear them in time to qualify to compete in the Rio Games, which open on Aug. 5.
"The situation is compliance," he said by telephone from Lausanne, Switzerland. "If the Russian athletics federation is not compliant and the athletes cannot take part in any kind of qualifications, then the situation is clear. If you cannot qualify, you cannot participate in the Games."
Bach and the head of the Russian Olympic Committee, Alexander Zhukov, reached agreement on a roadmap for Russia to follow to become compliant with rules of the IAAF and WADA. No time frame was set.
"Russia must be very interested to have this done as soon as possible," Bach said. "They have to act swiftly because this concerns the credibility of all the efforts."
Zhukov promised to oversee an overhaul of Russia's athletics federation, anti-doping agency and national drug-testing lab, all of which were implicated in the damning report issued Monday by the WADA panel.
"This is, first of all, to make sure that all the implicated officials, coaches, doctors and so on, will be held responsible and sanctioned," Bach said. "Secondly, there will be a complete renewal and reform of the national athletics federation, and thirdly, that all the doped athletes will be punished and the clean athletes will be protected."
In addition, Russia's anti-doping lab — which has been stripped of its accreditation by WADA — and the anti-doping agency — declared non-compliant by a WADA committee — must become compliant again.
"This compliance is the condition to take part in the Olympic Games," Bach said. "This compliance requires verification."
Bach said it will fall to the IAAF and WADA to rule whether the Russians are compliant. Only then would Olympic entries be accepted by the IOC.
Russia's athletics federation said Sunday it is setting up committees to investigate the doping allegations and prepare a reform package as part of what acting federation president Vadim Zelichenok called an "anti-crisis plan."
The move comes after Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered the Sports Ministry to conduct an internal investigation.
Zelichenok said more domestic competitions will be launched this winter to replace the international events that Russian athletes are now barred from.
Richard McLaren, one of three members of the WADA panel that produced the report on Russia, told Australian Broadcasting Corp. radio on Sunday that the IAAF itself could potentially be found non-compliant in the second phase of the report.
Former IAAF President Lamine Diack and the IAAF's former anti-doping manager are under criminal investigation in France on charges of corruption relating to doping cover-ups.
Finding the IAAF non-compliant with doping rules could mean the entire sport of track and field being cast out of the Olympics.
"I hear this for the first time," Bach said of McLaren's comments. "For me, this is pure speculation at this point."
Bach also downplayed a suggestion by Isinbayeva's coach, Evgeny Trofimov, that Russians could compete in Rio as independent athletes under the IOC flag. A similar measure was used at last year's Winter Olympics for Indian athletes after their national Olympic committee was suspended for government interference.
"This is mere speculation," Bach said. "I cannot see this situation at the moment."
Bach offered his full backing to IAAF President Sebastian Coe, who has faced criticism for contending he was not aware of the Russian doping situation when he was a vice president under Diack.
"I think with the decision on Friday night Sebastian Coe has shown good leadership," Bach said. "I always had confidence in him and I have confidence in him."
On a separate issue, Bach said he was confident that Brazilian authorities could protect the games in Rio in the wake of the deadly terrorist attacks in Paris.
"We have confidence in the Brazilian authorities and in the international cooperation of their security agencies," Bach said. "I'm sure all these international services will make all efforts to protect the Olympic Games from these kinds of terrorist attacks."
Security will be among the issues discussed when IOC officials travel to Rio in the coming days for their latest "project review" of Olympic preparations, Bach added.
AP Sports Writer James Ellingworth in Moscow contributed.