PEARL HARBOR, Hawaii — Japanese and U.S. cities, together with the U.S. Navy, on Friday marked the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II with a memorial service at Pearl Harbor.
Mayors and city council members from Honolulu and Nagaoka joined the commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet in laying wreaths and unveiling a new plaque. Fireworks resembling white chrysanthemum flowers were launched at the end of the ceremony. White chrysanthemums are often presented at memorial services in Japan to honor the dead,
Nagaoka is the hometown of the late Japanese Adm. Isoroku Yamamoto, the architect of the attack on Pearl Harbor that launched the U.S. into the war in 1941. It is one of Honolulu's sister cities and is famous for fireworks. U.S. planes bombed the city during the last weeks of the war, killing nearly 2,000 people.
Nagaoka Mayor Tamio Mori recounted his city's history to reporters afterward and said peace was indispensable to its citizens.
"So we wanted to come to Pearl Harbor — the place where the war began — on this 70th anniversary of the end of the war to honor victims from the U.S. and Japan and send peace around the world," he said.
Honolulu Mayor Kirk Caldwell said the ceremony was to honor and remember the past. "Because we cannot understand how to go forward unless we know where we came from," Caldwell said.
Constant and ongoing communication is required to ensure peace, he said. The sister cities, he said, have built strong foundations for a bridge to peace.
On Saturday, Pearl Harbor will host a public display of Nagaoka's fireworks to honor the war's victims and celebrate 70 years of peace and friendship.
The war ended when Japan surrendered on Aug. 15, 1945, which was still Aug. 14 in Hawaii and other parts of the U.S.
The Dec. 7, 1941, bombing of Pearl Harbor killed about 2,400 sailors, Marines and soldiers on the Hawaiian island of Oahu.
Around the world, there were 15 million battle deaths and 45 million civilian deaths from the war, according to the National World War II Museum in New Orleans.