WASHINGTON — House Republican leaders pushed toward a showdown vote Friday on President Barack Obama's trade agenda, despite heavy Democratic opposition.
House Speaker John Boehner said Thursday he was encouraged by the progress but stopped short of predicting success.
"We'll do our part, and I hope they'll do theirs," the Ohio Republican said, referring to Democrats. "I'm not in the guaranteeing business."
House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., refused to say how she'll vote, seeking to maintain leverage to the end to sweeten the package for workers directly disadvantaged by trade.
Debate was starting Thursday on Obama's bid for "fast track" negotiating authority. Previous presidents have enjoyed the authority, which lets them present Congress with proposed trade agreements that it can ratify or reject, but not change.
The issue may turn on how the House resolves a side issue: how to pay for a program to retrain workers displaced by trade agreements, known as Trade Adjustment Assistance, or TAA.
A Senate-passed bill now facing the House would divert money from Medicare to fund the job retraining program. But House Democrats called that unacceptable, and demanded another funding source.
Republicans agreed, but insisted on putting the alternative funding mechanism in a trade bill separate from the fast-track measure. They are desperate to avoid changing even a comma in the fast-track bill, because that would send it back to the Senate and give opponents another chance to filibuster and throttle it there.
GOP leaders say Democrats should accept the promise that if all the trade bills become law, no Medicare money will pay for the retraining program. But many Democrats are balking. They say they won't vote for language calling for Medicare spending cuts, even if Obama and others promise that the alternative funding methods will make sure the cuts never take place.
The GOP leadership's plan calls for two crucial votes Friday. The first is to fund TAA, which many Republicans oppose. If enough Democrats join them, because of the funding issue, it could scuttle the entire trade package.
If the TAA measure survives, the House would vote on fast-track authority. As few as 20 Democrats might support it. That means at least 198 of the House's 246 Republicans would have to vote yes to pass the bill.
"Republicans are going to do our part, but the president will have to deliver on TAA to get this done," said Kevin Smith, a spokesman for Boehner.
Unions fiercely oppose Obama's agenda, saying free-trade agreements shift U.S. jobs overseas and help countries with poor environmental and workplace standards.
The tensions between Obama and House Democrats were on stark display on the House floor even before debate formally began Thursday. Rep. Peter DeFazio, D-Ore., stood up to complain about Obama saying that Democratic critics are wrong on the issue.
"You're not right, Mr. President. Actually, you're wrong on that one," DeFazio said, drawing a warning from the chair not to engage in personal criticism toward the president.
Republican leaders are seeking more GOP votes by appealing to conservatives with language to limit trade agreements' impact on immigration, climate policy and other issues.
Late Wednesday, Obama sent top aides to huddle with House Democratic leaders. They included White House Chief of Staff Denis McDonough and U.S. Trade Representative Michael Froman. Later, Boehner met with Pelosi.
If Obama obtains fast track authority, he hopes to advance the long-negotiated Trans-Pacific Partnership with 11 other nations, including Japan and Vietnam.
The AFL-CIO, a potent player in Democratic politics, urged lawmakers to reject the GOP-drafted plans for the jobs retraining program, saying the money is insufficient.
Rep. Gerry Connolly, D-Va., a supporter of the trade deal, said the dispute over the Medicare issue threatened to take the bill down even though most Democrats complaining were already leaning "no."
"This contretemps over the TAA has stirred up all the silt and so I don't know right now where we are," Connolly said.
If the unions prevail, it would mark a brutal setback for Obama, who says U.S. products must reach wider markets. But his chief allies on trade — that is, the Republican leaders who oppose him on so many other issues — said they still think they can eke out a win.
Rep. Mark Sanford, R-S.C., said he's inclined to support fast track mainly for the trade benefits to his home state. However, he said, "it's a tough vote for any conservative," including himself, because so many constituents deeply mistrust Obama and don't want him to receive any new authorities.
"The conservative base is ginned up about this," Sanford said, "and that's why it's going down to the wire."