WASHINGTON — In a direct challenge to the White House, a Senate committee pushed toward a vote on a bill that would give Congress a chance to weigh in on any final nuclear agreement that can be reached with Iran. The top Republican leaders in the House and Senate insisted on Tuesday that lawmakers have a say.
Despite a veto threat from President Barack Obama, there is strong bipartisan support on Capitol Hill for Congress to review any deal that the U.S. and five other nations are able to negotiate to keep Iran from being able to develop nuclear weapons in exchange for easing sanctions crippling the economy of the influential nation in the Middle East.
The White House doesn't want Congress to take any action that could upset the delicate negotiations that are supposed to wrap up with a final agreement by the end of June.
"Congress should absolutely have the opportunity to review this deal," House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, told reporters. "The administration appears to want a deal at any cost."
In a speech on the Senate floor, Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., said: "The American people should have a say."
Sen. Bob Corker, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said a vote is likely on Tuesday, possibly on a new version still being crafted Monday night.
"There have been some tweaks," said Corker, R-Tenn.
A new version would be an attempt to make the bill more palatable to lawmakers who have sought changes, such as shortening from 60 days to 30 days the length of time that Congress would have to review any final deal that's reached.
"Now that we've got the broad outlines of the framework and we're getting more thorough briefings from the White house, we should be able to review and provide input on the bill responsibly in 30 days or less," said Sen. Chris Coons, D-Del., a member of the committee.
Corker said Tuesday "Americans want to know that someone in their behalf" is working to ensure that Iran lives up to any agreement that it signs. He said he was optimistic that there could be a vote in the full Senate rather than delaying a vote until after the deadline for the agreement at the end of June.
Corker said Russia's agreement to lift a ban on the sale of a missile air-defense system to Iran complicates things. He said some of the countries participating in the multinational talks with Tehran "don't necessarily have the same goals, nor the same relationships with Iran. "Obviously, our quote, quote, quote partner, Russia, is making this very, very difficult," he said.
On the House side, Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy said Monday he will bring the bill to the floor if the Senate acts on legislation giving Congress the power to review any deal.
As the bill is currently written, Obama could unilaterally lift or ease any sanctions that were imposed on Iran through presidential executive means. But the bill would prohibit him for 60 days from suspending, waiving or otherwise easing any sanctions that Congress levied on Iran. During that 60-day period, Congress could hold hearings and approve, disapprove or take no action on any final nuclear agreement with Iran.
If Congress passed a joint resolution approving a final deal — or took no action — Obama could move ahead to ease sanctions levied by Congress. But if Congress passed a joint resolution disapproving it, Obama would be blocked from providing Iran with any relief from congressional sanctions.
Kerry, who played a leading role in getting a framework agreement with Iran last month, personally pleaded with House Republicans and Democrats on Monday to give the Obama administration more time and room to negotiate a final deal. Kerry met in a closed-door session with members of the House and was to meet with senators on Tuesday before the committee debates the bill.
"We have two and a half months more to negotiate, that's a serious amount of time with some serious business left to do," Kerry told reporters outside a congressional auditorium where the briefing was held. "We hope Congress listens carefully and ask the questions that it wants. But also give us the space and the time to be able to complete a very difficult task which has high stakes for our country."
After the private briefing with members of the House, Rep. Steve Israel, D-N.Y., said he was not convinced the framework deal Kerry described is as good as it needs to be. "I was skeptical before. I remain skeptical," he said.
At the White House, Obama met for several hours with two groups of Jewish leaders in another part of the campaign to win support for a deal. While Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is intensely skeptical that international negotiators can reach a verifiable deal with Iran, which has threatened to destroy Israel, some American Jewish groups have backed the international negotiations.
Corker appeared Tuesday in an interview on MSNBC.
Associated Press writers Laurie Kellman, Josh Lederman and Erica Werner contributed to this report.