WASHINGTON — Amid appeals for bipartisanship, President Barack Obama in just three days has provoked Republicans on issues as disparate as immigration, Wall Street and the Keystone XL pipeline — a combative mix of defense and offense that underscores Washington's political realignment.
Sensing a Republican retreat, Obama was headlining a Miami town hall on Wednesday, enlisting his Latino base of support to increase pressure on GOP lawmakers who want to tie spending on the Homeland Security Department to repeal of his immigration executive actions.
On Tuesday, he vetoed GOP legislation that would have forced construction of the Keystone XL oil pipeline. And on Monday he proposed tougher rules on financial brokers who help manage retirement accounts, over Wall Street objections.
Three days, three hardball plays.
Such aggressive activism delights his supporters but irritates the Republicans who now control both chambers of Congress.
It's not as if Republicans didn't see it coming. But it unfolds as Obama insists he is willing to find common ground with GOP leaders on such issues as trade and fixes to the criminal justice system.
Indeed, Obama on Tuesday summoned a bipartisan group of lawmakers to the White House for a private meeting on how to address modernizing juvenile justice, sentencing and incarceration policies. And on Thursday, Obama planned to draw attention to the economic benefits of trade and exports in a series of interviews at the White House.
"Let's try to focus on some of things that we have in common and deliver real results," he told governors of both parties who attended a White House luncheon Monday.
But can the confrontational Obama exist alongside Obama the accommodator?
Among those attending the criminal justice session at the White House were Republicans who have been among the most vocal critics of Obama on other issues, such as Sen. Rand Paul of Kentucky, a potential presidential candidate, Sen. Mike Lee of Utah and Reps. Jason Chaffetz of Utah and Trey Gowdy of South Carolina.
The White House said Obama consulted with the lawmakers on "ways to build public support for a comprehensive, smart reform package based on many of the ideas they are now championing in legislation."
On trade, Obama is seeking legislation that will give him the authority to negotiate international trade deals that Congress can only approve or reject but not amend, a step a majority of Democrats oppose.
"I think we're in synch with the administration," said Republican House Ways and Means Committee Chairman Paul Ryan of Wisconsin, who is leading the pro-trade drive in the House.
Such efforts at bipartisanship occur against a steady effort by Republicans to undo or roll back Obama's actions on immigration, health care and financial regulation. Obama has promised to use his veto to reject those, as he did the Keystone bill.
"If he vetoed this, he's going to veto many others that are out there," Republican Sen. Jim Inhofe of Oklahoma, a vocal opponent of Obama's climate change agenda, said after the Keystone veto.
So far, both sides have demonstrated an ability to place confrontation on one track and cooperation on another.
"The bluster over the veto-bait bills that Republicans are trying to pass is mostly fake — everyone knows that he can't sign them," said Matt Bennett of the centrist Democratic group Third Way. "So when it comes time for the trade bills, on which most Republicans, many Democrats and the White House are all aligned, there won't really be any hangover from these battles."
Of the current fights with Congress, the one over immigration is the most bitter.
Conservative Republicans maintain that Obama exceeded his constitutional authority when he took steps to shield more than 4 million immigrants from deportation and make them eligible for work permits. But GOP attempts to tie repeal of those actions to legislation that funds the Homeland Security Department have stalled in the face of procedural obstacles from Democrats.
Senate Republicans on Tuesday offered to allow a vote on Homeland Security funding legislation without the immigration provisions. But it was unclear whether conservatives in the House would allow such a stripped-down bill to proceed.
Separately, a federal district court judge in Texas last week blocked implementation of Obama's executive actions pending a review of the merits of a lawsuit against the administration. The Justice Department on Monday sought an emergency stay of that injunction.
Seeking to maintain pressure on Republicans, Obama flew to Miami for the immigration town hall meeting sponsored by Telemundo, the Spanish-language network. Before leaving for Florida, Obama met at the White House with immigration advocates to discuss the status of his executive actions.
"There is the power of the bully pulpit. That's partially what he's doing in Miami," said Marielena Hincapie, executive director of the National Immigration Law Center. "It's also clear that the Department of Justice and the Obama administration are taking a pretty assertive stance in using all the legal tools at their disposal to defend his policy, which is good not just for immigrants but I'm sure the administration sees it as part of the president's legacy."
Associated Press writers Josh Lederman and Charles Babington contributed to this report.