WASHINGTON — A TV news cameraman treated for Ebola was ready to go home Wednesday, the fifth patient transported from West Africa to recover at a U.S. hospital, as President Barack Obama's new Ebola "czar" got to work trying to pull together a coherent national response to the deadly disease.
Two nurses remain hospitalized after catching the virus from a Liberian man who died at a Dallas hospital. Because of their cases, the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued more stringent safety guidelines this week and is working with states to spread them to health care workers across the country.
"Recovering from Ebola is a truly humbling feeling," American video journalist Ashoka Mukpo said in a statement Tuesday from the Nebraska Medical Center. "Too many are not as fortunate and lucky as I've been. I'm very happy to be alive."
The virus has killed more than 4,500 people in West Africa, nearly all in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea. Mukpo, of Providence, Rhode Island, got it while working in Liberia as a freelance cameraman for NBC and other media outlets. He has been at the Nebraska hospital since Oct. 6, the second Ebola patient treated there.
The hospital said Tuesday that tests show Mukpo is now free of the virus and he would be allowed to leave its biocontainment unit Wednesday.
Debra Berry, the mother of Dallas nurse Amber Vinson, said Tuesday her daughter is "doing OK, just trying to get stronger" while being treated at Emory University Hospital in Atlanta. Fellow Dallas nurse Nina Pham's condition has been upgraded from fair to good at the National Institutes of Health outside Washington.
At the White House, former adviser and veteran political operator Ron Klain was meeting with Obama and top aides in the Oval Office Wednesday afternoon to officially start his new Ebola duties.
Obama named Klain last week to take charge of coordinating the array of federal agencies dealing with Ebola in the U.S. and helping to tackle the crisis in West Africa.
Resisting pressure to ban travel from the Ebola-stricken countries, the Obama administration was tightening rules in an effort to ensure that all arrivals from the three nations are screened for the disease.
Under restrictions taking effect Wednesday, air travelers from Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea must enter the United States through one of five airports doing special screenings and fever checks. A handful of people had been arriving at other airports and missing the checks.
A total of 562 air travelers have been checked in the screenings that started Oct. 11 at New York's Kennedy airport and expanded to four others last week, Homeland Security officials said. Four were taken from Washington's Dulles airport to a local hospital. None had Ebola.
The other airports are Newark's Liberty, Chicago's O'Hare and Atlanta's Hartsfield-Jackson.
The tightened rules for West African travelers come as Rwanda — an Ebola-free country in East Africa — said it would begin checking visiting Americans for the disease because of the three cases that occurred in the U.S.
Many U.S. lawmakers and members of the public have been pushing for a ban on travel into the United States from Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea. Obama and federal health authorities say that could make the situation worse, by making it harder for foreign doctors and aid workers to get help to nations that desperately need it and can't stop the outbreak on their own.
There are no direct flights from the three countries into the U.S. The government has said as many as 150 fliers per day arriving by various multi-leg routes was typical, but that number has dropped since the Ebola outbreak began in March.
When the Ebola screenings began at five airports, U.S. officials said about 6 percent of arrivals from the affected nations were coming through other airports that didn't have the fever checks.
By changing that, Homeland Security Secretary Jeh Johnson said, "We currently have in place measures to identify and screen anyone at all land, sea and air ports of entry into the United States who we have reason to believe has been present in Liberia, Sierra Leone or Guinea in the preceding 21 days."
Homeland Security officials at the airports use no-touch thermometers to check for fever, which can be a symptom of Ebola infection. People who have been infected with the virus may not develop a fever and illness for up to 21 days, however.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued new protective guidelines this week, and demonstrated the recommended techniques Tuesday at a training session for several thousand health care workers in New York City.
Associated Press writers Mike Stobbe in New York and Emily Schmall in Dallas contributed to this report.