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Wason Wanichakorn, Associated Press
A Thai mother and daughter have their photograph taken with a soldier guarding the area near a pro-government demonstration site on the outskirts of Bangkok, Thailand Wednesday, May 21, 2014. Thailand's army chief Gen. Prayuth Chan-Ocha assumed the role of mediator Wednesday by summoning the country's key political rivals for face-to-face talks one day after imposing martial law. The meeting ended without any resolution, however, underscoring the profound challenge the army faces in trying to end the country's crisis.

BANGKOK — Martial law appeared to be primarily playing out behind closed doors Wednesday in Thailand, with little outward change on the streets of Bangkok a day after the military invoked expanded powers. Here's a summary of events and a guide to understanding what is happening:


Thailand's army chief, Gen. Prayuth Chan-Ocha, assumed the role of mediator by summoning seven key political rivals for their first face-to-face talks since the political turmoil escalated six months ago. The meeting of bitter enemies was unlikely to yield any immediate resolution, but the event itself was a stunning development.

The high-profile figures invited included anti-government protest leader Suthep Thaugsuban and his rival from the pro-government Red Shirt group, Jatuporn Prompan, and the acting prime minister, who did not attend but sent four representatives. Also summoned were leaders of the ruling Pheu Thai Party, the opposition Democrat Party, the Election Commission and representatives from the Senate.


In declaring martial law Tuesday, the army said it needed to restore order after long-running political protests became targets of violence. Last week, grenades fired at an anti-government protest site in Bangkok left three people dead and more than 20 injured.

The anti-government protest leader billed this week as the "final battle" in ousting the government. Meanwhile, thousands of Red Shirt government supporters were gathering on Bangkok's outskirts.

But the military has banned protesters in both groups from marching outside their camps.


Several of the measures imposed by the military restrict the media.

Fourteen politically affiliated satellite and cable TV stations, including those funded by the pro- and anti-government protest movements, were asked to stop broadcasting until further notice. Any broadcast or publication that could "incite unrest" is banned, as well as social media that incite violence or opposition to the military authorities.


In 2006, a military coup ousted then-Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, who was accused of corruption, abuse of power and disrespect for Thailand's king. His overthrow triggered a power struggle that in broad terms pits his mostly rural supporters against a conservative establishment in Bangkok.

Street protests started in November against then-Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra, Thaksin's sister, and she dissolved the lower house of Parliament in December in a failed bid to ease the crisis. The Constitutional Court ousted her for nepotism this month, but left the ruling party in its caretaker role.


The military insisted it was not seizing power, and it has made no moves to dissolve the constitution or the caretaker government. But a coup is always a possibility in Thailand; the military has staged 11 successful coups since the end of absolute monarchy in 1932.


Bangkok residents are trying to make sense of the drama, even as the bustling capital went about business as usual and soldiers withdrew from key intersections.

"After 24 hours of martial law, I have not spotted a single soldier. I've only seen soldiers on TV," said Buntham Lertpatraporn, a 50-year-old vendor of Thai-style doughnuts in the capital's central business district. "My life has not changed at all. But in my mind I feel a little frightened, because I don't know how it will end."


The army chief says martial law will stay in place until "the country is peaceful and safe." The timeframe depends on what happens next, and whether any violence erupts. Possible scenarios:

— Protesters go home and elections can be held.

— The military acts as mediator and brokers a compromise.

— Anti-government senators push ahead with plans to install an unelected prime minister, a move that would anger Red Shirt protesters.

— A court intervenes and stages a "judicial coup" to unseat the government, another move that would fire up Red Shirts.

— Violence erupts.

— A full military coup is launched.