J. Scott Applewhite, Associated Press
Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Sen. Patrick Leahy, D-Vt. on Capitol Hill in Washington. Leahy said a report to Congress lends support for lifting the congressional ban on transferring detainees to the US and should calm fears that it would harm public safety.

WASHINGTON — The Obama administration says there are legal safeguards in place in the event suspected terrorists being held at Guantanamo Bay are relocated to the United States, and that detainees would be barred from receiving asylum and would have no right to remain in the country permanently.

In a report to Congress, the Justice Department said such a transfer could occur without jeopardizing national security and that detainees held on suspicion of terrorism would not enjoy the same legal rights as other immigrants, including the ability to get asylum. Such detainees, the report notes, have historically been treated "as outside the reach of the immigration laws."

The report said the administration knew of no court precedent, statute or constitutional provision that would grant a Guantanamo detainee the right to remain permanently in the United States. It added that Congress would also be free to pass a law specifically barring such a thing from happening.

The report came in response to a provision in the annual defense policy bill seeking the Justice Department's interpretation of legal rights and asylum if terror suspects held at the U.S. naval facility at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, were to be transferred to the U.S.

The question remains mostly theoretical. President Barack Obama has pushed to close the detention facility, calling it expensive and inefficient, but Congress has repeatedly barred the administration from moving terror suspects to the U.S., even to maximum-security prisons.

Sen. James Inhofe, R-Okla., the top Republican on the Senate Armed Services Committee and a strong proponent of keeping the prison open, said the report's conclusion was predictable, "simply giving cover to President Obama so that he can continue what he is already actively working towards, which is bringing terrorists onto U.S. soil."

The Judiciary Committee chairman, Sen. Patrick Leahy, D-Vt., said the report lends support for lifting the congressional ban on transferring detainees to the United States and should calm fears that it would harm public safety. "The executive branch must have all options available to it as it seeks to close the detention facility at Guantanamo," Leahy said.

Obama received a rare victory in his effort to close the prison last December as Congress eased the most rigid restrictions on detainee transfers overseas. The administration had also pushed for the ability to transfer detainees to the U.S. for imprisonment, trial or medical emergencies but lost on that front.

The new analysis seemed designed to assuage concerns that detainees would acquire new legal protections if the prison were shut down. It said that while relocated detainees would maintain the right to challenge their detention, "the government's national security and foreign policy interests and judgments should be accorded great weight and deference by the courts."

The report underscored that the convention against torture bars the United States from returning an individual to a country where he "more likely than not" will be tortured. The department said the U.S. already applies this standard to all transfers from Guantanamo.