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First Run Features
Peter at age 56 in "56 Up", the eighth installment of the documentary that keeps tabs on 14 children representing a broad sample of British society.

"56 UP" — ★★★★ — Lynn Johnson, Susan Sullivan, Bruce Balden, Neil Hughes, Tony Walker; unrated but probable PG-13 (profanity); Broadway

Like an old friend whose mere memory brings tears, the greatest cinematic experiment in sociology and psychology ever attempted returns to theaters with "56 Up." Every seven years, a new installment of the "Up" series reminds us of our mortality even as we see the years pass for the British subjects of these films.

The world met them in "Seven Up!", 14 children representing what was then a pretty broad sample of British society — poor East End tykes, orphans, a child of mixed race, a country boy and the posh-accented scion of landed gentry and the professional classes.

Every seven years we see how Jackie and Lynn, Tony, Suzy, Symon, Neil and the others have changed — how the attitudes and personalities they expressed as talkative 7-year-olds have manifested themselves in adult life.

We see working-class Sue as a teen, declaring that she'd "like to have a full life" before getting married. But she married at 24 and was divorced by the time "35 Up" appeared.

Paul, bullied as a child, moved to Australia, married, raised a family, and lifelong lack of self-confidence aside, displays that British pluck — "People tend to get on with their lives, no matter what."

Some cope with illness and loss. The famously lost Neil, homeless during some stretches of the series, is reminded that he dropped out of college, never married, but found purpose as a small-town lay minister and elected official. "No formal education can prepare you for life," he insists, adding that he's not interested in living a long life — "70 or so, and that'll be enough."

But almost to a one, the others interviewed speak of an education being "the most important thing" you can leave your kids. It levels the British playing field, lessens the impact of class. Some dropped out of appearing in the series, thanks to the notoriety, the raw exposure — the edited version — of their lives.

The psychology of the piece comes from the candid nature of the questions, then and now. Kids, then adults, talk about their concept of love, happiness, success, their worries, fears and hopes. The sociology comes from the way Britain has changed over their lives.

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Interviewer-director Michael Apted, involved with the series from the start, went on to make "Coal Miner's Daughter," a Bond film, action pictures, a pretty solid career in the movies. But this is what he will be remembered for, prying, interrogating and charming these kids-turned-adults every seven years, patiently pulling together confessional interviews that paint wonderful portraits of people through the long course of their lives. He forces them, and us, to take stock every seven years. Not a bad idea for anybody.

Despite fears for the British version of what we like to call "The American Dream" — home ownership, financial security, a healthy, long life — "56 Up" feels like the most hopeful film of them all. Some are still enduring trials.

But many have found their place, a contentment that feels so very British. They've kept calm. They've carried on.

"56 Up" is not rated but would probably receive a PG-13 for profanity; running time: 143 minutes.