Laurence Chaderton, a translator of the King James Bible, served in the First Cambridge Company, a group which translated from First Chronicles to the Song of Solomon in the Bible. This block of scripture included the Psalms.

Born in Lancashire, Chaderton enrolled at the University of Cambridge while in his 20s. He became a Protestant while attending Cambridge and, as a consequence, was disinherited by his family. He was a fellow of Christ's College, Cambridge and one of four Puritans to attend the Hampton Court Conference in 1604 at which the King James translation was first proposed.

He helped establish Emmanuel College at Cambridge and served as its first Master. A superb orator, he once paused after two hours of a sermon. The audience insisted that he continue, so he went another hour.

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Chaderton was 75 when the KJV was first published; he lived to be well over 100. A fine gardener and herbalist, he outlived many of the trees he planted earlier in his life. At Cambridge, there were sometimes "town and gown" brawls between locals and students. On one such occasion, at considerable risk to himself, Chaderton helped a friend from being injured or killed. The man he saved was Richard Bancroft, who would one day manage the King James Bible translation project and become the Archbishop of Canterbury.