WASHINGTON It was the end of an era on Wall Street as the Federal Reserve granted permission for the last two major investment banks Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley to become bank holding companies in order to stay in business.
The Fed announced late Sunday that it had approved the request, which will allow Goldman and Morgan Stanley to create commercial banks that can take deposits, bolstering the resources of both institutions.
The change is the latest seismic shift on Wall Street as the financial system tries to cope with mounting problems that began more than a year ago with the subprime mortgage crisis.
The Fed had originally said Sunday night that the change in status from investment banks to bank holding companies would not take place for five days, pending review on antitrust grounds. The Fed announced Monday, however, that after discussions with the Justice Department, the status change for both institutions could take place immediately.
After weekend meetings where the Treasury Department, Fed and congressional staff ironed out the program's details, Sen. Christopher Dodd said Monday it's equally important to act responsibly as it is to move quickly on the legislation needed to stabilize the country's troubled financial markets (see story on A1).
Dodd, chairman of the Senate Banking committee, said on CBS's "The Early Show" that many members of Congress believe a legislative relief package also should be tailored to protect taxpayers in the best way possible.
The Fed's board of governors granted the investment banks' requests by unanimous vote during a late Sunday meeting in Washington.
The change of status means both companies will come under the direct regulation of the Fed, which oversees the nation's bank holding companies. The banking subsidiaries of the two institutions will face the stricter regulations that commercial banks are required to meet. Previously, the primary regulator for Goldman and Morgan Stanley was the Securities and Exchange Commission.
Goldman Sachs has 350 workers at its University of Utah Research Park office and said in June it would increase its Utah work force during the next three years to more than 700 employees.
"We don't expect any changes to our businesses in Utah," Goldman Sachs spokeswoman Andrea Raphael told the Deseret News on Monday. "We're not changing our business plan at this time."
Shares of both Goldman and Morgan had come under pressure ever since the bankruptcy filing last week by investment bank Lehman Brothers and the forced sale of investment bank Merrill Lynch to Bank of America.
Three people familiar with the matter said Monday that Japan's largest brokerage Nomura Holdings is buying Lehman's Asian assets. Britains Barclay's Bank received bankruptcy court approval early Saturday morning to purchase Lehman's North American brokerage operations.
Shares of Morgan Stanley rose 3.5 percent on word of a possible investment by a Japanese bank while Goldman's fell 3.6 percent in afternoon trading on Monday.