SHARM EL-SHEIK, Egypt Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe entered an African summit accompanied by the meeting's host Monday, a sign that African leaders won't shun him despite Western demands they take a tough stance over his re-election in a tainted ballot.
But behind the scenes, some leaders were pushing for Mugabe to share power with his rival, Morgan Tsvangirai, who dropped out of Friday's runoff election after alleged state-sponsored killings and beatings of his supporters.
While many African countries including regional powerhouse South Africa were unwilling to condemn Mugabe, criticism by the U.S. and Europe only mounted.
France said Monday it considered Mugabe's government "illegitimate," and British Prime Minister Gordon Brown urged the African Union to reject the result of the runoff.
The summit should "make it absolutely clear that there has got to be change" in Zimbabwe, Brown said in London. "I think the message that is coming from the whole world is that the so-called elections will not be recognized."
Zimbabwe's longtime ruler basked in the opportunity at the AU to show regional recognition of his victory, a day after he was sworn in as president for a sixth term.
He entered the conference hall alongside his host, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, in a symbolic gesture of his status.
Still, there was little overt warmth for Mugabe in public sessions. But while mingling with leaders before the opening meeting, he hugged several heads of states and diplomats, said an African delegate who was present.
"He was hugging everyone, pretty much everyone he could get close to," said the delegate, who spoke on condition of anonymity because he wasn't supposed discuss the private gathering.
During public speeches in this Red Sea resort, most AU leaders spoke of the "challenges" in Zimbabwe and none said anything harsh about Mugabe.
But Jendayi Frazer, the assistant U.S. secretary of state for African affairs, said she believed that in private leaders would "have very, very strong words for him."
"I would suggest that one not take from the soft words in an open plenary as a reflection of the deep concern of leaders here of the situation in Zimbabwe," she told reporters.
At the White House, press secretary Dana Perino also suggested behind-the-scenes pressure, saying Mugabe's actions have "cast a negative light on some really good, democratic leaders in Africa."
"There are a lot of them who are working very hard to institute democratic reforms in their own way," she said.
Key African leaders have long had close ties to Mugabe, renowned as a campaigner against white rule and colonialism. They are also reluctant to be seen as backing the West former colonial rulers against a fellow African, and many can't claim democratic governments in their own countries.
Not all were silent. In Nairobi, Kenyan Prime Minister Raila Odinga said Zimbabwe should be suspended from the African Union. "They should suspend him and send peace forces to Zimbabwe to ensure free and fair elections," Odinga said.
Senegal's foreign minister, Cheikh Tidiane Gadio, complained of the hesitancy to openly pressure Mugabe.
He noted some Africans argue the West should "leave us alone and we be left to decide our own destiny." But when the crisis occurs, he said, "we don't want to talk about it. That doesn't make any sense."
The AU's own election observers said Monday that the Zimbabwe runoff fell short of the group's standards, citing violence and the denial of equal media access for the opposition. Tsvangirai has been holed up at the Dutch Embassy in Harare since announcing his withdrawal from the race June 22.
African diplomats have pointed to Kenya's power-sharing agreement, which ended bloodshed there after flawed elections this year, as a possible model for Zimbabwe.
But unlike Kenya, which brought together two rivals who had been allies and are of the same generation, there is little common ground between Mugabe and Tsvangirai. The 84-year-old president is a veteran of Africa's anti-colonial struggles and Tsvangirai, 56, is a former trade union leader.
Tsvangirai has said he is open to sharing power with moderate members of the ruling party, but says Mugabe should have no role in the government.
Zimbabwe's U.N. ambassador suggested Monday that a power-sharing deal or other measures could head off efforts by the U.S., Britain and France to persuade the U.N. Security Council to approve sanctions.
"I don't think that other members of the Security Council are convinced that our situation is a threat to international peace and security," Zimbabwean U.N. Ambassador Boniface Chidyausiku said in an interview with The Associated Press. "We see the whole approach to sanctions as a weapon to try and effect a regime change in Zimbabwe."
Chidyausiku indicated that Mugabe might try to give some kind of role in government to Tsvangirai.
"I'm sure the president will be in a position to come up with a solution where he can accomodate," Chidyausiku said.