JIDDAH, Saudi Arabia The players bounded into the gym, shedding their long black cloaks and veils to take to the basketball court. Up this night: Jeddah United against the Jaguars, as 30 women spectators hooted and hollered from the stands.
Such is the start of women's sports in Saudi Arabia a Muslim country so conservative that the fledgling women's sports teams that have begun to appear in recent years remain almost entirely underground, far from public scrutiny or religious clerics' eyes.
"One day we're going to look back on such events and hopefully say, 'Wow, we've gone a long way,"' said Lina al-Maeena, the founder and team captain of Jeddah United.
"Future generations won't have to start from zero."
It is a far cry from Title IX, the landmark 1972 U.S. anti-discrimination law that spearheaded women's equal treatment in sports at a time when the women's rights movement was gathering steam across the West.
In Saudi Arabia, women cannot drive or vote and have few legal rights. The restrictions stem from the strict version of Islam the kingdom follows. Many conservative adherents believe that women's emancipation will lead to decadence and a dissipation of Islamic values.
For these religious conservatives, keeping the sexes segregated and maintaining male guardianship over women is not enough. They want to ban anything they believe might encourage women to abandon conservative Muslim values.
Because of the influence conservative clerics have on government and society, sports and physical education classes are banned in state-run girls' schools. Women's games and marathons are canceled when the powerful clergy get wind of them, and female athletes are not allowed to participate in the Olympics.
Despite such obstacles, Saudi women have quietly been forming soccer, basketball, volleyball and other teams throughout the kingdom in the past few years. Some operate under schools and universities, others are under the umbrella of charities. A few, like Jeddah United and the Jaguars, are independent.
The teams have none of the privileges that men's leagues which have existed for decades enjoy.
They're not part of the General Presidency for Youth Welfare, the federation that oversees sports. They find it hard to get corporate sponsorship. They don't have proper facilities where they can train, or even certified referees. And they are not allowed to participate in international competitions.
And while men's games are broadcast on TV and take place in huge stadiums, women rarely advertise their games or even talk openly about them for fear the clergy will stop them. That makes it difficult for them to reach spectators from outside their immediate circle of friends and family. And teams in one city often do not know that teams in another exist.
In March, Sheik Abdul-Aziz Al-Sheik, the kingdom's mufti, or senior cleric, told Okaz newspaper he had ordered a university in the capital, Riyadh, to cancel a women's marathon. Last year, clerics barred a women's soccer game in the Eastern Province.
Abdul-Kareem al-Khodair, a professor at Imam University, wrote on al-Muslim Web site that introducing physical education classes for girls at government schools would be tantamount to "following in the devil's footsteps" an argument conservative clerics make to highlight the corrupting influence of women's sports.
That attitude is one reason why the rate of obesity among Saudi women is higher than among men, health care officials say. About 52 percent of Saudi men and 66 percent of women are either obese or overweight, according to Saudi press reports.
The women playing basketball on a recent night last week were conscious of the controversies.
Al-Maeena, 29, stressed that her efforts to promote sports are aimed at combating such "social ills" as obesity, osteoporosis and depression, and providing healthy alternatives for women, who spend their time shopping and smoking waterpipes. She and the others emphasized they do not seek broader liberties, such as an end to segregation of the sexes or the wearing of veils and abayas, the black cloaks all women must wear in public.
"We look at it as part of our national duty. It's not just for getting into the Olympics or competing in international games," al-Maeena said before the game started.
Did she worry the game would be canceled?
"The key is to have publicity later," she said. "It's also a matter of luck, but you're more likely to get lucky in Jiddah compared to other places" because the seaport city is the kingdom's most liberal.
One of the toughest things for the women's teams is finding coaches, said Lina Abouznada, board member in charge of the sports center at the First Women's Welfare Society, which fields its own team.
The society, which cares for 36 female orphans, was the venue for last week's game. The players bounced into the center around dusk, dressed in loose-fitting, knee-length shorts and jerseys underneath their flowing abayas.
No men were allowed in. The players had trained in courts they rent at gyms, or in those attached to private homes.
Before playing, the women shed their cloaks permitted under the country's laws because no men were around.
Jamila Antone, the Jaguars' American coach, compared the game to amateur league play in the United States even though the two Saudi teams are among Jiddah's top four.
"If the girls had facilities like boys do for all sports, they would do better than the boys," she said.
Norah Ashrur, a 22-year-old special education teacher, watched as her team, dressed in Jeddah United's colors of raspberry, white and gray, played.
"It bothers me that nobody cares," said Ashrur, who lived in Fort Collins, Colo., from the age of 7 to 12. "In the U.S. everybody would be there."
But because of segregation rules, not even her father could come to the game.
In the end, the Jaguars whose colors are blue, yellow and gray won.
Lina Abouznada, board member in charge of the sports center at the First Women's Welfare Society, which fields its own team, insisted the situation of Saudi female athletes will change for the better. "Doing things step by step is better than doing it in one step," she said.
"But we need to speed it up," al-Maeena interjected.