WASHINGTON — Scientists for the Food and Drug Administration say that an Amgen drug slowed the spread of cancer to the bone in men with hard-to-treat prostate cancer, though the drug did not extend life and carried significant side effects.
The Food and Drug Administration will ask a panel of outside experts on Wednesday whether the benefits of Amgen's Xgeva outweigh its risks, which included bone disease in about 5 percent of patients taking the drug. The agency posted its review of the drug online Monday morning ahead of the meeting.
Xgeva is already approved for preventing fractures in cancerous bones, and for osteoporosis, in a different formulation called Prolia.
Now Amgen has asked the FDA to approve the injectable drug as a preventive measure for men with recurring prostate cancer that is at high risk of spreading to the bone. Men must have also attempted and failed treatment with hormone therapy.
A 1,432-patient study conducted by Amgen showed the drug slowed the spread of cancer to the bone by about 4.2 months when compared to patients who received placebo. While that delay was statistically significant, the FDA's reviewers questioned whether it is "an adequate measure of clinical benefit" for patients with prostate cancer.
FDA's review notes that the drug did not increase overall survival, with patients in the drug and placebo groups living about the same amount of time.
Additionally, five percent of patients taking Xgeva experienced the side effect of osteonecrosis of the jaw, in which the bone dies because of poor blood supply.
While the FDA staff does not openly recommend against the new use for the drug, they do quote from an editorial in the Lancet which said the company's findings on Xgeva "'do not support its broad use as a preventive agent for bone metastases in prostate cancer.'"
ISI analyst Mark Schoenebaum said the FDA's negative review was consistent with analyst expectations.
"As was generally expected by us and much of the Street, the FDA is critical of the data, questioning the clinical meaningfulness of the primary endpoint," Schoenebaum wrote in an email.
Amgen shares slipped 78 cents, or 1.1 percent, to $68.50 per share.
Doctors use a variety of treatments and interventions to treat prostate cancer, depending on the speed of the cancer's growth and the patient's age, among other factors. Patients with fast-growing prostate tumors often receive hormone therapy to stop production of testosterone, which fuels cancer growth.
All of the men in Amgen's study had tumors that did not respond well to hormone therapy, but had not yet spread beyond the prostate. While there are multiple drugs for both early and late-stage prostate cancer, Amgen argues "there is a gap in the treatment plan for those patients" enrolled in its study.
Xgeva and Prolia, the osteoporosis formulation, had combined sales of $554 million in 2011, their first full year on the market. Amgen is based in Thousand Oaks, Calif.