New, rapid tests that can tell whether someone has HIV in as little as two to 10 minutes are expected to be on the market in about a year, offering consumers far more control over learning HIV status than ever before, a federal health official said Tuesday.

If a potential new sex partner claims to be HIV-negative, "potentially, you could whip one of these out of your pocket and say, `OK, prove it,' " said Bernard Branson, a physician from the division of HIV/AIDS prevention at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.Branson spoke at the annual Wisconsin AIDS/HIV conference, sponsored by state health officials and the University of Wisconsin Medical School in Madison.

A number of so-called rapid HIV tests are awaiting U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval, and some already are used in Europe and other foreign countries, Branson said.