Milestones for the Dow Jones industrial average:

July 3, 1884 - Dow Jones publishes its first average of U.S. stocks in the Customer's Afternoon Letter, forerunner of The Wall Street Journal. The Dow Jones industrial average first appears on May 26, 1896.Jan. 12, 1906 - Closes above 100 for the first time, at 100.25.

Sept. 3, 1929 - Reaches its closing peak for the bull market of the 1920s, at 381.17.

Oct. 28, 1929 - Plummets 38.33 points, cutting nearly 13 percent of the average's value, closing at 260.64.

March 12, 1956 - Closes above 500 for the first time, at 500.24.

Nov. 14, 1972 - Closes above 1,000 for the first time, at 1,003.16.

Dec. 6, 1974 - Closes at a 12-year low of 577.60, ending the worst bear market since the '30s.

Aug. 17, 1982 - Rises 38.81 to 831.24, then-largest one-day gain, as a long rally begins.

Jan. 8, 1987 - Breaks the 2,000 level for the first time, rising to 2,002.25.

Oct. 19, 1987 - Plunges a then-record 508 to 1,738.74, a drop of 22.6 percent that became known as the "Black Monday" crash.

April 17, 1991 - Rises to 3,004.46, first close above 3,000.

Feb. 23, 1995 - Crosses 4,000 for the first time, rising to close at 4,003.33.

Nov. 21, 1995 - Closes above 5,000 for the first time, rising to 5,023.55.

Oct. 14, 1996 - Rises to 6,010.00, first close above 6,000.

Feb. 13, 1997 - Rises to 7,022.44, first close above 7,000 and fastest 1,000-point gain ever.

July 16, 1997 - Dow rises to 8,038.89, first close above 8,000.

Oct. 27, 1997 - Dow plunges a record 554.26 to 7,161.15, a drop of 7.2 percent. Trading is halted twice during the day, ending the session a half hour early - a first under rules adopted after the 1987 crash and designed to restore order in a rapidly declining market.

Oct. 28, 1997 - Dow rises a record 337.17 points, or 4.7 percent, to start the rebound from the selloff.

April 6, 1998 - First close above 9,000, at 9,033.23.

July 17, 1998 - Dow rises 9.78 to close at all-time high of 9,337.97.

Aug. 31, 1998 - Dow falls 512.61, a drop of 6.4 percent, to close at 7,539.07, in its first drop below 8,000 since Jan. 30 and its lowest finish in more than nine months. The selloff more than wipes out all of its gains for the year and brings the Dow down 19.3 percent from its July rec-ord-high close.