Educators: 10.5 percent of rural educators have to get state waivers to teach content area outside their major, minor or endorsement, vs. 4 percent statewide.

Salaries are $8,500 below the national average and at least $1,800 below the state average.Curriculum: Because school size ranges from 56 students to over 1,000 and more than half include grades 7 and 8, diverse yet small student populations pose curriculum and teacher assignment challenges. Rural schools are limited in their class offerings.

Classes offered most often include keyboarding, business classes, physics, chemistry, college algebra and second year Spanish. The least offered classes include second-year German, advanced placement math, AP science, second-year foreign language other than Spanish and German, and AP English.

Resources: Principals report funds available to their schools were only enough to offer a basic program.