Major issues addressed by the Group of Eight leaders at their three-day summit in Birmingham, which ended Sunday:
INDIA: Condemned India's nuclear tests but failed to agree on economic sanctions. The split was essentially the United States, Canada and Japan in favor of sanctions, and the Europeans - France, Germany, Britain, Italy and Russia - opposed. The United States, Canada and Japan have imposed sanctions unilaterally.INDONESIA: Expressed deep concern at the worsening crisis in Indonesia and agreed that the only way to solve the problem is through international institutions such as the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
MIDDLE EAST: Expressed dismay at the present stalemate in the negotiations and gave strong support to U.S. efforts to win the agreement of both Israel and the Palestinians on a second Israeli withdrawal in the West Bank. Warned of grave consequences if stalemate continues.
ASIAN FINANCIAL CRISIS: Confirmed strong support for efforts to re-establish stability in the region, rocked by economic crisis since autumn, and said economic and financial reform needs to be matched by actions to protect the most vulnerable people. Called for more openness in providing economic information and recognized the need for closer surveillance.
CRIME AND DRUGS: Acknowledged that the only way to deal with international crime and drug trafficking is through closer cooperation, and that the development of high technology is making crime easier and more profitable - and also more difficult to combat. Agreed to work toward a U.N. convention against transnational crime and continue the fight against money-laundering and firearms trafficking.
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AND DEBT: Reiterated commitment to helping underdeveloped countries reform and develop their economic capacities. Supported an extension of debt relief to the poorest countries but announced no specific initiatives.