George Gershwin, Katharine Graham and Philip Roth were awarded Pulitzer Prizes on Tuesday.
Roth won the prize for fiction for his novel "American Pastoral."Graham, the former Washington Post publisher, was awarded the prize for biography for her book "Personal History."
A special citation was given posthumously to composer George Gershwin on the centennial of his birth "for distinguished and enduring contributions to American music."
The Pulitzer board gave three of its 1998 journalism awards to The New York Times and two to The Los Angeles Times, while awarding its gold medal for public service to the Grand Forks (N.D.) Herald for "sustained and informative" coverage of the floods, blizzard and fire that devastated its community a year ago.
The award for foreign reporting was given to the staff of the New York Times for its coverage of drug corruption in Mexico. Linda Greenhouse, who has covered the Supreme Court for most of the past two decades for the paper, received the beat reporting award. And Michiko Kakutani received the award for book criticism. "
The staff of The Los Angeles Times won the award for breaking news reporting for its coverage of a botched bank robbery and subsequent police shoot-out in North Hollywood. Clarence J. Williams III, a staff photographer for the paper, won the award for feature photography for his "powerful images documenting the plight of young children with parents addicted to alcohol and drugs."
The prize for investigative reporting went to Gary Cohn and Will Englund of The Baltimore Sun for a series on the international shipbreaking industry and the dangers associated with it.
And Russell Carollo and Jeff Nesmith of The Dayton Daily News received the award for national affairs reporting for their accounts detailing the flaws in the military health care system.
Bernard L. Stein of The Riverdale Press, a weekly based in the Bronx, received the award for editorial writing. The editorial cartooning award went to Stephen P. Breen of the Asbury Park Press in Neptune, N.J.
And the award for commentary was given to Mike McAlary of The New York Daily News, among the first to break the news of the police mistreatment of Abner Louima, a Haitian immigrant beaten and sodomized with a stick while in custody at a Brooklyn station house.
The winners of the 1998 Pulitzer Prizes
Winners of the 1998 Pulitzer Prizes:
Public service - Grand Forks (N.D.) Herald
Breaking news reporting - staff of the Los Angeles Times
Investigative reporting - Gary Cohn and Will Englund of The Sun of Baltimore
Explanatory journalism - Paul Salopek of the Chicago Tribune
Beat reporting - Linda Greenhouse of The New York Times
National reporting - Russell Carollo and Jeff Nesmith, Dayton (Ohio) Daily News
International reporting - staff of The New York Times
Feature writing - Thomas French of the St. Petersburg (Fla.) Times
Commentary - Mike McAlary of the Daily News of New York
Criticism - Michiko Kakutani of The New York Times
Editorial writing - Bernard L. Stein of The Riverdale (N.Y.) Press
Editorial cartooning - Stephen P. Breen of the Asbury Park (N.J.) Press
Spot news photography - Martha Rial of the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
Feature photography - Clarence Williams of the Los Angeles Times
Fiction - "American Pastoral," by Philip Roth
Drama - "How I Learned to Drive," by Paula Vogel
History - "Summer for the Gods: The Scopes Trial and America's Continuing Debate Over Science and Religion," by Edward J. Larson
Biography - "Personal History," by Katharine Graham
Poetry - "Black Zodiac," by Charles Wright
General nonfiction - "Guns, Germs and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies," by Jared Diamond
Music - "String Quartet No. 2, Musica Instrumentalis," by Aaron Jay Kernis
Special citation - George Gershwin