Nationalist leaders in the Baltic republics are calling on Moscow to grant them economic independence and prosecute officials who had thousands of their countrymen killed or deported in the 1940s.

Sixty-one of the three republics' 89 deputies in the new Congress of People's Deputies also asserted, in a platform to be presented when the body convenes in Moscow in 10 days, that the country's 15 republics have the right to set their own policies.The first assembly of grassroots People's Fronts from the Soviet republics of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania stopped short of demanding overt independence for their once-sovereign homelands.