Serious crime increased 3 percent nationally from 1987 to 1988, while Salt Lake City recorded a 1 percent rise in crimes tabulated by the Justice Department.

According to the Uniform Crime Report released Sunday, violent crime in the United States increased 5 percent while property crime rose 2 percent.The report follows the number of murders, forcible rapes, robberies, aggravated assaults, burglaries, larceny/thefts, motor vehicle thefts and arson cases that were reported to police.

In Salt Lake City, larcenies fueled the rise in crime, with officers investigating 1,339 more theft cases in 1988 than the year earlier, according to the report.

A computerized crime analysis of the nation's 191 largest cities - copyrighted by the Detroit Free Press - rated Salt Lake City No. 1 in the country in reported larcenies per capita, with a rate of 10,000.9 per 100,000 population. Miami Beach, Fla., ranked as the country's serious crime leader, and notched the second-highest per capita rate of larcenies with 9,863.6, up 24.1 percent from 1987.

Atlanta; Portland, Ore.; Fort Worth, Texas; and Dallas were ranked next on the list of serious crime areas, while

more murders were committed in Washington, D.C., than in any other city. Flint, Mich., led the country in reported rapes, while Newark, N.J., had the highest per capita rates in robbery and vehicle theft, and Mobile, Ala., led the nation in burglaries.

In Salt Lake City, aggravated assaults increased 7 percent in 1988 - the largest reported increase. Nationally, robbery was up 4 percent, murder 3 percent and forcible rape 1 percent over 1987 figures.

The number of forcible rapes, burglaries and aggravated assaults in the city decreased from 1987 to 1988, while homicides, robberies and arson were up slightly.

Auto rip-offs increased 9 percent from 1987 to 1988 in Salt Lake City; motor vehicle theft nationally increased 11 percent.

The East, Northeast and South reported increases in crime with the Midwest showing no change, the report said. Northeastern and Southern states each reported 4 percent increases while states in the West showed a 3 percent rise.

Cities with more than 50,000 people reported a 4 percent increase in Crime Index offenses. Suburban and rural areas, as well as cities outside metropolitan areas, recorded a 1 percent rise in reported crime.

Final statistics for 1988 will be released later this summer, the FBI said.

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(CHART #1)

S.L. leads larceny list

CITY LARCENIES (per 100,000 pop.)

1. Salt Lake City 10,000.9

2. Miami Beach, Fla. 9,863.6

3. Portland, Ore. 9,183.5

4. Tucson, Ariz. 9,102.3

5. Fort Worth, Texas 8,887.4

6. Fort Lauderdale, Fla. 8,685.6

7. Seattle 8,547.2

8. Atlanta 8,383.4

9. Dallas 8,092.4

10. Columbia, S.C. 8,080.1

*****

(CHART #2)

Crime Breakdown

CRIME 1988 1987

Murder 17* 13

Forcible-rape 90 94

Aggravated

assault 444 501

Robbery 487 482

Larceny 16,202 14,863

Burglary 3,594 3,997

Auto Theft 932 923

Arson 127 106

* The figure of 15 reported to the FBI for 1988 did not include one man who later died from his injuries suffered in an assault and the death of an infant that was later classified a homicide.