When all the tearful reunions were over, the call to repentance made, the lectures given, the arguments finished, the prisoners led out in chains - the Singer-Swapp defendants had just one year of prison time added to their collective sentences.
Meanwhile, U.S. District Chief Judge Bruce S. Jenkins reduced their probation periods, to follow their federal prison terms and state sentences, by nine years, collectively.Thursday's resentencing of the four perpetrators of 1988's crimes at Marion, Summit County, was in response to an order by the U.S. 10th Circuit Court of Appeals.
When Addam Swapp, Vickie Singer, John Timothy Singer and Jonathan Swapp were sentenced Sept. 1, 1988, it was under earlier federal sentencing rules. New sentencing guidelines were supposed to be in force, but many jurisdictions, including Utah's federal courts, had declared them unconstitutional.
But then the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the guidelines, which Congress intended to restrict a judge's discretion. They are supposed to make sentences more uniform by awarding and deducting points for such things as whether the defendant was a leader in the crime, the severity of the violation, whether a gun was used.
The resentencing lasted eight hours.
The upshot was a negligible change except for Addam Swapp, who had 10 months added to his prison time.
Jenkins said this was a peculiar situation, not like that anywhere else.
A significant change was automatically imposed when the guidelines were upheld: previously, criminals generally served about one-third of the time ordered, but the new guidelines allow only 54 days off per year for good behavior.
Family members and friends of the Singers and Swapps filled much of the courtroom's left side, while reporters were on the right side.
Jenkins allowed defendants to hug their relatives, and it was an emotional scene as Vickie Singer embraced children and grandchildren.
He was convicted on all seven counts. But in effect, Jenkins threw out the second charge against him, using an explosive device in the commission of a crime. That's because the first - blowing up the LDS Stake Center at Marion - couldn't happen without using explosives.
Jenkins denounced the second count as impermissibly cumulative.
Government lawyers argued he should be sentenced to three five-year mandatory terms for the explosives and two firearms counts, plus between five years, nine months and seven years, three months for the bombing and attempted murder charges. The total would have been 20 to 22 years.
He got 15 years, 10 months.
"As far as accepting responsibility, absolutely - but I'm not sorry for what I did. I'm sorry for a man being killed, but that was an accident," Swapp said.
She was convicted on five counts, but once again Jenkins threw out the second charge. Seeing that coming, Assistant U.S. Attorney Richard Lambert argued Congress intended double punishment for those using bombs and called the stake center bombing "about as perfect a definition of terrorism as I can get."
Jenkins noted that the "tag-along" mandatory five-year sentences for using firearms were higher than the terms that the sentencing guidelines recommended for the substantial counts of aiding in the bombing and resisting arrest.
"I did not bomb the church, did not tell my son-in-law to do so. I did not use guns. I have lived my life and dedicated my life to the Lord," Mrs. Singer said.
Jenkins lectured her about "the need for honoring and obeying the law."
Noting he has "great reason" to depart from the guidelines - as allowed in unusual cases - Jenkins imposed just five years, one month, instead of the 10 years the government advocated.
John Timothy Singer:
The government lawyer, Creighton Horton, said the guidelines would require 37 to 46 months, plus two five-year firearms sentences.
But he said a departure downward in the sentence might be valid.
"I am sorry, yes, that someone got killed," said the young man, confined to a wheelchair since he was 17. Experts testified his shots killed state Corrections Lt. Fred House in the shoot-out that ended the siege 15 months ago.
"But this stand that I did make and my family made, it's just something that's done. I cannot go back. . . . A people have got to stand up for what is right."
Jenkins sentenced him to 10 years.
Jonathan Ramon Swapp:
The government called for the mandatory two five-year sentences for firearms, plus between 46 and 57 months for attempted murder.
"He was admittedly under the influence of his brother," conceded Assistant U.S. Attorney David Schwendiman.
Jenkins sentenced him to 10 years for the firearms violations but only one month for the other charges.
-Addam Swapp: 15 years in prison, 5 years probation.
-Vickie Singer: 5 years in prison, 5 years probation.
-John Timothy Singer: 10 years in prison, 5 years probation.
-Jonathan Swapp: 10 years in prison, 5 years probation.
-Addam Swapp: 15 years, 10 months in prison, 3 years probation.
-Vickie Singer: 5 years, 1 month in prison, 2 years probation.
-John Timothy Singer: 10 years in prison, 3 years probation.
-Jonathan Swapp: 10 years, 1 month in prison, 3 years probation.