A coalition of recording, film, book and computer groups is targeting 12 nations where theft of copyright materials and restrictive trade barriers are costing U.S. businesses an estimated $1.4 billion a year.

The International Intellectual Property Alliance said Wednesday it was urging the Bush administration to maintain pressure on foreign governments to curtail this massive loss of U.S. property.The alliance said their 1,600 member companies can do only so much against piracy that often is condoned by foreign governments, and the U.S. government must go to bat.

Jack Valenti, president of the Motion Picture Association of America, told reporters his group was spending $40 million year to fight estimated losses of $1 billion annually from piracy and lack of market access.

"There comes a time when you've done all you can do and you need the muscular arm of your government," Valenti said.