It's been exactly a year since the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks that wounded and galvanized a nation and a state.
Utahns of all stripes mourned that day, and then many contributed, as Winston Churchill once said, "blood, toil, tears and sweat" to the rebuilding effort.
They and many other Utahns gathered Wednesday to commemorate the dead, and the heroes who made sure no others died.
"In remembering, we have sorrow and we grieve together as one people under one nation," said Masood Ul-Hasan of the Islamic Society of Greater Salt Lake.
Cathedral of the Madeleine
They say there are no atheists in foxholes.
"If people don't pray for our country, even more bad things will happen," said Julie Davis as she entered a special early-morning Mass at the Cathedral of the Madeleine.
Many churches held commemorative ceremonies Wednesday, and those ceremonies not church-related were usually marked with prayer.
A noon interfaith ceremony was scheduled for the Tabernacle on Temple Square Wednesday, with President James E. Faust, second counselor in the First Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, speaking. President Thomas S. Monson presided. The Mormon Tabernacle Choir also performed at the Tabernacle ceremony, as well as on NBC's special six-hour "Today" show of Sept. 11 observances.
President Monson, first counselor in the First Presidency, spoke at a morning Abravanel Hall observance, sponsored by Salt Lake County. It featured leaders from a variety of religions.
President Monson said the memorials of 9/11 should recognize everyone who sacrificed because of the attacks the rescue workers who died, those who died in the planes or buildings, those who lost loved ones, and those who continued to work tirelessly after the attacks hoping to save even one person.
He related a story of a New York City firefighter who had saved the life of a Nevada girl with a bone marrow transplant in 1994. That firefighter, who died in the World Trade Center collapse, had become a hero.
"Children seek genuine heroes and desire to emulate them," President Monson said.
Rabbi Benny Zippel, executive director of the Chabad Lubavitch of Utah, said that the first step toward peace is the realization that every person is capable of evil, and to learn to conquer that evil.
"We must take lesson, take heed, from the events of 9/11/2001, and acknowledge the fact that there is a potential terrorist that could be concealed within each of us . . . ," he said. "The atrocities of 9/11/2001 must teach each and every one of us that arrogance, self-centeredness have no place in our lives." Some 75 people attended the Cathedral of the Madeleine Mass, many of them wearing red, white and blue and some wearing American flag pins, shirts and scarves. The theme was "peace, not retaliation."
"Jesus did not teach a violent Jihad or a 'just war,' " said the Very Rev. Joseph M. Mayo, cathedral rector. "His words were not 'fight' but 'reconcile.' "
Utah directly suffered loss in the attacks.
Much emotion, and devotion, was expressed during the early-morning ground-breaking of the Kaysville "Utah Unites in Hope-Remembrance 9-11" monument park honoring Mary Alice Wahlstrom, 78, Kaysville, her daughter Carolyn Beug, 48, a Utah native who lived in Los Angeles, and former Utahn Brady Kay Howell, who worked at the Pentagon. All were killed in the attacks.
After the attacks, a group of Davis County students determined to do something to help people remember. Wednesday's ceremony culminated more than seven months of planning.
The park will include more than a dozen memory totem poles that elementary and junior high school students will design, a reflecting pool, a pavilion path and a garden walkway where people can pause and reflect.
Commemorations came from all quarters and in manner of ways Wednesday.
Workers painted a giant 40-foot-by-70-foot flag on the Delta Air Lines hangar at Salt Lake City International Airport.
Trolley Square lifted a 30-by-45-foot banner onto its distinctive water tower.
Provo and Orem police and firefighters were scheduled to be feted and fed Wednesday night by a local catering company.
"We felt we needed to acknowledge this one-year anniversary by saying 'thank you' to the men and women of our local police and fire departments (who) help protect us each and every day," said Mary Crafts, owner of Culinary Crafts. She particularly singled out Wayne Fish, an Orem firefighter who volunteered his time to fly to New York and help in the recovery effort.
The Capitol West Boys & Girls Club was scheduled to hold a tree planting ceremony Wednesday afternoon at the Salt Lake City-County Building to honor Bernard Brown, a Boys & Girls Club member in Washington, D.C.
Bernard, 11, had been selected to participate in an educational trip in California, and boarded American Airlines Flight 77 on Sept. 11 to go there. He never made it.
While religious people were petitioning God for help after 9/11, the U.S. military was more of a mind that God helps those who help themselves.
Utah military installations held several of their own commemorative ceremonies Wednesday.
Hill Air Force Base personnel held a memorial service at the base chapel, and a retreat ceremony at the 75th Air Base Wing headquarters building. In addition, Hill's 388th Fighter Wing and 419th Reserve Fighter Wing were scheduled to perform flyovers at no fewer than eight local ceremonies.
"I've encouraged everyone from Team Hill to attend or participate in the commemorative events . . . ," said Maj. Gen. Scott Bergren, Commander of the Odgen Air Logistics Center at Hill. "Our nation and those within the profession of arms have always rallied together when faced with adversity. We will continue to go forward as a nation and military to be the beacon of freedom for the world."
The soothing sounds of a waterfall broke the hush of a moment at a Gallivan Center ceremony Wednesday. The tragedy "has set our nation on a course of soul searching," Gov. Mike Leavitt said. Leavitt led several thousand people in a moment of silence.
Songs and speeches, and then the subdued program ended with an American Indian blessing and prayer. People seemed to linger as it concluded, not knowing whether to applaud or return quietly to their downtown offices.
A Red Cross volunteer from West Valley City, Bruce Hammond and his wife, Deanna, traveled to New York just after the attacks and worked at Ground Zero for three weeks in September and October.
"I never want to have complete closure on it . . . ," Hammond said. "It shouldn't have happened." One year ago exactly. One year ago to the minute, Hammond reflected. "We helped people that were right in the middle of it. Right now a year ago it was happening."
"I was one of the fortunate ones, I guess, to be able to go back and help."
A few minutes later as the procession of firefighters, police officers and emergency workers passed, Linda Prince watched and dabbed her eyes with her fingertips and placed her hand over her heart as American flags went by.
She's been thinking a lot about how this event will impact the future of the country and the nation's children. And watching Utahns come together Wednesday moved her.
"It kind of helps you understand . . . We really are a united country."
Contributing: Alan Edwards, Norma Harrison, Elaine Jarvik, Dennis Romboy, Josh Loftin.