Kent State University officials broke ground for a scaled-down memorial to the four students killed by Ohio National Guardsmen in 1970, despite a silent protest by students and donors who say the new design is inadequate.

The groundbreaking Wednesday for the May 4 Memorial followed unanimous approval by university trustees to build a $100,000 memorial on a campus hill near where guardsmen shot 13 students, killing four, on May 4, 1970.About 30 people stood in silence about 20 yards from speakers at the groundbreaking, holding signs protesting plans for the memorial.

The trustees Nov. 15 agreed to reduce the cost of the memorial from $1.2 million to $100,000 after a fund-raising campaign netted only $40,000.