One hundred and fifty-three police officers lost their lives in the line of duty in 1988, eight of them women, the National Association of Chiefs of Police said Sunday.

California led the nation with a loss of 23 officers, followed by 21 in Texas, where five died in Dallas alone, and 13 in Florida.The national total was down slightly from 1987, when 155 officers, three of them female, lost their lives.

Robert Ferguson, president of the association, said many police killers were on alcohol or drugs.

Of the officers killed, 75 died of gunshot wounds, 58 in traffic chases and accidents and the rest in plane crashes, stabbings, drownings and other causes in the line of duty. Their average age was 27.

The association has maintained an American Police Hall of Fame listing all officers killed since 1960 when 55 died.