Police officers, gas station attendants, real estate agents and employees in motels and hotels are apparently the most likely to be murdered while working, according to an analysis of worker's compensation claims.

Dr. Thomas Hales, a medical officer at the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health in Cincinnati, analyzed claims filed in Ohio from 1983 to 1985.Although the analysis led to an underestimate of violent death and injury, it was a good way to uncover the most dangerous jobs, Hales said in an interview.

Between 800 and 1,400 Americans are murdered each year at work, while perhaps five times that many are the victims of violent injury on the job, Hales said.

In the study published in the Journal of Occupational Medicine, Hales found other professions in the protection services and local and suburban transit employees were also injury prone.

Employees in convenience food stores and real estate agents were most likely to be the victims of rape while on the job, Hales found.

Hales said he believes the Ohio injury patterns are typical for the United States. Nationally there are no estimates of the number of violent injuries on the job, but the Ohio data showed there were more than five times as many injuries as deaths from violence.