Susan Blauser tried to warn day-care providers that her son, Brandon, was "a handful."
Brandon was born with cerebral palsy and severe autism. At 2, he had what his mother called "severe behavior delays."When she decided to go back to work, she visited nearly every daycare facility in the area, getting referals from the state Division of Family Services, the Child Care Connection, friends and strangers. "I went through every possible day care and individual I could find."
Each time, Blauser forewarned the day-care provider about Brandon's behavior.
"Most acted like, 'If you can handle him, I can handle him.' Almost without fail, the first or second day they would call me at work and ask me to make other arrangements."
Blauser needed to find day care for half a day, because Brandon spent the other half at the Children's Behavioral Therapy Unit in Salt Lake City.
Occasionally, she found someone who would take him "for a time." One woman kept him for a year, but when Blauser saw her son hanging over the second floor balcony at the provider's house, she removed him. At another place, she went to pick up her son and found him "in a play pen with a lid on it, which was completely unacceptable."
Blauser has company in her quest for quality day care for a handi- capped child.
An estimated one in 10 children has some sort of physical, mental or emotional handicap. Some are very minor and the child can easily blend in with other children.
But in cases where the handicap is more severe, like Brandon's, the day-care situation can seem hopeless to parents.
"To sum it up," said Stevia Bowman, director of the Utah Parent Center, "there's so little that it doesn't exist. I know of one center that deals with handicapped children, but they are unlicensed, so they can only take a child four hours at a time."
Children who are developmentally delayed fare a little better. Several centers are licensed for and willing to deal with those children. Bell Canyon Learning Center, for example, has taken care of several children who are "behind" the normal development schedule.
But few day-care providers have expertise to work with children who have multiple or severe problems. And the pay scale doesn't make it worthwhile, Bowman said. "Child-care providers can't demand enough pay to provide low adult-child ratios to be good for 'normal' children, much less the handicapped," she said. "And there are hundreds of handicapped kids who need day care. There are very few trained people who feel comfortable with those problems."
Bowman said parents of handicapped children are basically backed into a wall. "These people live a very compromised financial lifestyle. They sometimes use underground services. But most of them just stay home with their children. For some, that's OK.
"For others, it's very, very hard," she said.
care $2.3 million for patent infringement should not have a negative impact on the company, a spokesman says.
"It's not going to affect the employment or the operations of our company at all," said Paul Thompson, who explained Browning Manufacturing Co. set aside money in an escrow account with which to make payment in case the decision went against it.
But Browning attorney Thomas Rossa said the amount to be paid to Missouri-based Allen Archery likely will be appealed.
"It could take another year or a year and a half before any money is paid, if at all," Rossa said.
Allen's patent for a wheel-like device on compound bows expired in December 1986, he said, so Browning and other manufacturers can now use the design without paying royalties.
Robert Mallinckrodt, representing Allen Archery, said after inventing the compound bow in the late 1960s, the company had a problem finding anybody interested in taking a license on the patent to manufacture the bow.
Allen then began manufacturing the bow, said Mallinckrodt, who noted "since that time, the bow has taken over the archery industry."
He said after the bow became establised, Allen Archery discontinued making it and dealt strictly in issuing licenses for companies wanting to make the bow.
Judge Aldon Anderson's 2-year-old finding that there was a patent infringement was recently upheld by the 10th Circuit Court of Appeals. Rossa said Anderson's final judgment on the damage phase of the case is expected within the next three to six weeks.