The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends periodic cholesterol tests for all children over the age of 2 with a family history of elevated blood-fat levels or early coronary heart disease.

The AAP's Committee on Nutrition urged tests for children who have a parent, sibling, grandparent, uncle or aunt afflicted with hyperlipidemia - elevated blood-fat levels - or heart attacks suffered in men before age 50 and in women before age 60.But at the annual meeting Tuesday of the 36,000-member academy in San Francisco, the group stressed that for a variety of reasons, it was not recommending universal cholesterol examinations of all children.