Special-interest groups paid at least one-seventh of the incomes of three of Utah's five members of Congress last year, according to financial disclosure forms filed Wednesday.
Sens. Jake Garn and Orrin Hatch and Rep. Jim Hansen, all R-Utah, received up to $2,000 per appearance for speaking to special-interest groups. The groups also paid for dozens of trips, hotel stays and meals in connection with those speeches.Rep. Wayne Owens, D-Utah, did not file his financial disclosure form by the Wednesday deadline and obtained an extension to file it later. Owens has obtained such extensions for four of the five past years.
Freshman Rep. Bill Orton, D-Utah, spent last year campaigning and earned no fee speeches - called honorariums - from special-interest groups.
The members who filed forms provided the media copies even though the papers are not scheduled to be formally released by Congress for another month.
The forms showed that Utah's members use honorariums to heavily pad their congressional salaries - which in 1990 were $98,400 in the Senate and $96,600 in the House.
Hatch received $69,900 total in speech fees from special-interest groups. He kept $23,135 and gave $46,765 to charities. Senators may keep honorariums amounting only to 27 percent of their Senate salary. Hatch usually receives the most of any senator in total honorariums.
Garn received $42,500 total in speech fees. He kept $27,300. The rest was donated to charities, usually directly by the special-interest groups.
Hansen received $24,500 in speech fees, and kept it all. House members in 1990 could keep speech fees amounting up to 30 percent of their House salaries.
The House, however, has prohibited members from keeping honorariums since Jan. 1. They may still collect them, but must give them to charities - which still brings some tax advantages and the gratitude of charities.
The House banned honorariums - while raising its 1991 salary to $125,100 to compensate - under pressure from such groups as Common Cause, which claimed speech fees were possibly buying votes and definitely buying access to members of Congress.
Hatch and Garn have long scoffed at such arguments, saying nobody's vote could be bought for a $2,000 speech fee, and that honorariums allow them to raise the money they need without forcing taxpayers to fund a pay raise.
As possible proof that senator's votes are not bought by honorariums, one of the fees Hatch accepted last year was $2,000 from the Smokeless Tobacco Council. Hatch is one of the Senate's leaders against the use of tobacco.
But most speech fees come from groups directly interested in the committee assignments of members.
For example, Hatch - who is ranking Republican on the Senate Labor and Human Resources Committee, which oversees labor and health issues - received at least $18,000 from health-related groups and $12,500 from industry and labor groups.
Hansen, a member of the House Armed Services Committee, received at least $14,000 from defense contractors.
Garn, ranking Republican on the Senate Banking Committee, received at least $9,500 from the finance industry. That amount could be higher because Garn did not identify special interests that donated his honorariums directly to charities.
The special interests also provide members with numerous trips and occasional gifts.
Hatch received 11 trips to such places as Atlanta, Los Angeles, Dallas, Chicago and San Diego. Garn received 10 trips to such places as Seattle, Las Vegas, Houston and Orlando, Fla. Hansen received nine trips to such places as Dallas, Colorado Springs, San Diego and Naples, Fla.
Special-interest groups also sometimes provided gifts. For example, Garn and Hatch reported receiving from General Motors video tapes of the PBS mini-series on the Civil War, valued between $130-$200. They both also received a gift pack from the Senators' Ski Cup valued at $438.
Garn also received two Park City season ski passes, valued at $1,320. Hatch also received golf equipment valued at $270 for participating in charity golf tournaments.
Disclosures: Utah's members of Congress list 1990 incomes and assets.
Following is information on the personal finances of Utah's members of Congress, according to 1990 disclosure forms they filed Wednesday.
Members often disclosed incomes and assets only within broad categorical ranges.
SEN. JAKE GARN - Senate salary: $98,400. Speech fees: $27,300 (another $15,200 donated to charity). Royalties on his novel "Night Flight," $4,309. Interest/dividends/capital gains: $16,203-$53,500. Total income: $146,212-$183,509.
Assets (other than family home): $131,004-$365,000. Liabilities: $0.
Gifts: $438 gift pack from Senators' Ski Cup; two $660 season ski passes to Park City; and a $130 video tape set of "The Civil War" from General Motors.
Travel: 13 trips to places including Seattle, San Diego, Las Vegas and Orlando, Fla.
Special-interest groups that paid speech fees and/or travel: Association of Thrift Holding Cos. ($2,000); Chicago Research & Trading Group ($2,000); American Bankers Association ($2,000); Harris Corp. ($1,000); University of New Mexico ($2,000 plus trip); Boeing Co. ($2,000 plus trip); Young President Org. ($2,000); and Coleman/Barlett Washington Focus ($2,000).
Also, California Bankers Association ($1,500); Pratt & Whitney ($2,000 plus trip); Association of Bank Holding Cos. ($2,000); Financial Services Council ($2,000); Institute for Strategy Development ($1,000); Titan Value Equities ($2,000 plus trip); and Timmons and Co. ($2,000).
Trips were also provided by Huntsman Chemical Corp., Brigham Young University, BillCom Conference Group, Central Utah Water Conservancy District and the Astronaut's Memorial Foundation.
SEN. ORRIN HATCH - Senate salary: $98,400. Speech fees: $23,135 (another $46,765 donated to charity). Royalties on audio cassettes "The Golden Plans" and "Your Family Hour," $6,511. Interest/dividends/investments: $18,424-$31,511. Total income: $146,460-$159,547.
Assets (other than personal home): $395,023-$885,000. Liabilities: $0.
Trips: 11 trips paid by special interests to such places as Atlanta, Los Angeles, San Diego, Houston and Sun Valley.
Groups providing speech/writing fees and/or travel: Smokeless Tobacco Council ($2,000); American Iron and Steel Institute ($2,000); College of American Pathologists ($2,000); American Paper Institute ($2,000); TBS ($200); Dow Jones & Co. ($100); Society of American Florists ($1,000); and Recording Industry Association of America ($2,000).
Also, Sandoz Corp. (1,000); National Association of Manufacturers ($1,000); Labor Policy Association ($2,000); National Community Action Foundation ($2,000); Fisher & Phillips ($2,000 plus trip); American Academy of Dermatology ($2,000); Conference Management ($1,000); Associated Specialty Contractors ($2,000) and U.S. Chamber of Commerce ($600).
Also, International Sanitary Supply Association ($2,000); National Association of Temporary Services ($2,000); American Speech-Language-Hearing Association($2,000); American Meat Inst. ($2,000); International Taxicab Association ($2,000); Financial Executives Inst. ($2,000); International Fabricare Inst. ($2,000 plus trip); Council on Labor Law Equality ($1,000);and Christian Science Publishing ($100).
Also, Stell Manufacturers Association ($2,000); Capital Legislative Services ($2,000); Syva Co. ($2,000); American Association of Advertising Agencies ($2,000); American Frozen Food Inst. ($1,000); Verner, Liipfert, Bernhard, McPherson & Hand ($2,000); Pfizer Inc. ($2,000); and AB Laffer, V.A. Canto & Assoc. ($2,000).
Also, National Food Processors Association ($2,000); Grocery Manufacturers of America ($2,000); Jackson, Lewis, Scknitzler & Krupman ($2,000 plus trip); Printing Industries of America ($2,000); Sonnenschein Nath & Rosenthal ($2,000 plus trip); National Association of Manufacturers ($1,000); and Pepsico ($2,000 plus trip).
Trips were also provided by the American Israel Public Affairs Committee, Tom Phillips Campaign, Danny Thompson Memorial Golf Tournament, Salvador Diaz-Verson, Pepperdine University and Senators' Ski Cup.
REP. JIM HANSEN - House salary: $96,600. Speech fees: $24,500. Interest/dividends/rent: $5,806-$20,000. Total income: $126,906-$141,100.
Assets (other than personal home): $104,006-$260,000. Liabilities: $15,001-$50,000.
Travel: Nine trips to such places as Colorado Springs, Dallas, Chicago, San Diego and Naples, Fla.
Groups providing speech fees and/or travel: Edison Electric ($1,000); ISC Defense & Space Group ($2,000), Northrup Corp. ($2,000); D.H. Lloyd & Association ($1,000); AAI Corp. ($2,000); Morton-Thiokol ($1,000); Bonneville Group (2,000); LTV ($2,000); and American First Credit Union ($1,000).
Also, Sierra Pacific Power ($2,000); Westinghouse ($2,000); Chicago Mercantile Exchange ($750); Chicago Board of Trade ($750); General Atomics ($2,000); Ebasco Inc. ($1,000); Enserch Corp. ($1,000); and Hercules Corp. ($1,000).
REP. BILL ORTON - Salary as attorney: $18,100. (He campaigned full-time after March. His 1989 income was about $250,000.). Interest/dividends/rent: $6,203-$13,500. Total income: $24,303-$31,501.
Assets: $733,010-$1,595,000. Liabilities: $150,002-$350,000.
Special-interest groups that paid speech fees and/or travel: none.
REP. WAYNE OWENS - He did not file a disclosure form by the Wednesday deadline, but obtained an extension allowing him to file later. He has obtained extensions for four of the past five years.