Everyone laments the violence among blacks in South Africa.

The white regime depicts it as an uncontrollable conflict between "tribes" or between the African National Congress (ANC) and the Zulu-dominated Inkatha Freedom Party.The implication is that blacks are not fit to rule their country.

But the ANC has evidence that paints a more sinister picture of the so-called black-on-black violence.

In a number of cases it appears to be instigated or condoned by the government.

We have been loath to make this shocking claim but have no option.

That is why we set last Thursday's deadline for the government to take measures to end the continuing violence.

Under pressure the government of F.W. de Klerk said it would take steps to end the bloodshed.

It reinstated a ban it had lifted last fall on the carrying of so-called traditional weapons in public.

It also said it would phase out the hostels of workers who have been a source of much violence.

But these actions are only the beginning.

The white minority state has said it intends to dismantle apartheid.

The regime's overnight transformation is accepted, its violent tradition forgotten. But it may simply have substituted one form of violence for another to preserve white rule.

We believe Pretoria has turned to surrogates to avoid the blatant scenes of repression by uniformed forces.

These surrogates include gangs such as the Black Cats and Three Million Gang, notorious mercenary troops such as the Koevoet from Namibia, hit squads and some Inkatha members.

We have testimony from the groups' members detailing names and dates of police contacts.

We gave this information to the government, but nothing has been done.

A youth from the Three Million Gang in Orange Free State told how the police instructed his group in mayhem.

More evidence of police collusion intended to create or worsen the conflict between the ANC and Inkatha comes from the confessions of Sipho Madlala, a former South African Defense Force agent who described how his unit assassinated Chief Maphumulo, head of the Congress of Traditional Leaders of South Africa in February.

Like Gatsha Buthelezi of Inkatha, Chief Maphumulo was an influential Zulu, but he supported the ANC.

Madlala said the aim was to blame Inkatha for the murder. To date, officials have not investigated his charges.

Assassinations of ANC activists have risen dramatically.

The terror makes ANC organizing difficult, even impossible. People say they are afraid to wear the congress' T-shirts. The goal is to discredit the ANC.

We believe the government's actions last week are not nearly enough.

Hit squads must be dissolved, and the police and defense ministers fired.

We want an independent investigation of the murder of Maphumulo and other atrocities.

A lack of action would be further evidence that the white state sanctions - and instigates - violence.