Two teams from Rowland Hall-St. Mark's School won high places in the National Elementary Chess Championship Tournament in Rye, N.Y.

More than 1,100 players from 33 states participated in the important annual chess classic for players in grades first through sixth.In the Primary Division, grades 1-3, the Rowland Hall team won second place.

Individual winners in this division included Rowland Hall students Vivek Widwai, eighth place overall, and Patrick Thronson, 15th place overall.

The Rowland Hall-St. Mark's team for grades 1-6 was ranked seventh. The individual winner in this division was Rowland Hall's outstanding young player Brian Harrow, who missed tying for first place by half a point. He placed 24th overall among the 1,100 players.

The team's coach is Kim Taylor.

The Primary Division team and Elementary Division team had six players each and were accompanied by 12 parents. Dr. Louise Rehling, a faculty member and also one of the accompanying parents, supplied the news of Rowland Hall-St. Mark's school players.

- AVOIDING DRAWS - Luis Rentero has found a way to get fighting chess and keep the draws down.

First, of course, the multimillionaire sponsor of the elite Linares series of tournaments in Spain invites players known to be uncompromising scrappers.

Second, he won't invite anyone back who comes out with a heavy preponderance of peaceful handshakes. For example, the easy-going Boris Spassky was not a participant and surely will not participate again unless he stirs himself to crush opponents as he did years ago.

Finally, Rentero has a trump card of his own devising. He passes out privately to each player a list of opponents with whom he cannot draw before move 40!

Presumably, one can offer a draw to Gary Kasparov but not to anyone of lesser rating than oneself.

- FOURTEEN-YEAR-OLD! - The Dutch island of Aruba in the Caribbean was the site of an exhibition match recently between 14-year-old Hungarian whiz Judit Polgar and the renowned Soviet grandmaster Lev Polugayevsky, 56.

The experienced player won by 5-3, but the rapidly advancing teenager put the experience down as "very useful." Polugayevsky predicted a bright future for Judit, who has the highest International Chess Federation (FIDE) rating of any woman.

- HUMAN ERROR - If computers were human, they would not put their trust in humans.

As it stands now, the best of them have vast storages of opening lore built into their programs - by humans.

They don't do their opening strategies by themselves. By and large, the best are given good opening books and would have no reason in general to complain, supposing they were conscious and could complain. But every once in a while, they are dished up in a line that doesn't work.

That is what happened to "Deep Thought," IBM's world champion machine, in its game with Matthias Wahls, a 23-year-old German grandmaster, in the IBM Test Cup Tournament in Hannover, Germany.

The competition was held to measure "Deep Thought" against six German grandmasters and one international master.

Wahls won the event, and "Deep Thought" came in seventh out of eight.

"Deep Thought" followed its programmed openings from a reliable tome on openings, and Wahls turned its own weapon against it by means of scintillating tactics.

The final standings were:

Wahl, 5 points

Bonsch, Lobron, 4 1/2

Bischoff, 3 1/2

Grunberg, Tischbierek, 3

"Deep Thought," 2 1/2

Unizicker, 2

- CONGRATULATIONS TO THE SOLVERS! - Karen B. Lee, Craig D. Bryson, Alison Hermance, Steven L. Staker, Camrin Copier, Jim Reed, Stanley Hunt, Stephen R. Clark, Russell Anderson, Kay Lundstrom, David D. Kirk, O. Kent Berg, Larry Butler, Roger Neuman, William DeVroom, David Moody, B.J. Peterson, Hal Harmon, Ardean Watts, Robert W. Lee, Joe Sias, Raeburn Kennard, Aaron T. Kennard, Nathan Kennard, Richard Schow, Jack Crandall, Gene Wagstaff, Edwin O. Smith, Ted Pathakis, Gordon Greene, David Wilhite, Ramon Bassett, Kim Barney and Hal Knight.