The job description is "structural cleaning." It translates to dousing and scrubbing bakery equipment and the bakery environs to maintain stringent sanitary standards - "plus whatever."

At Continental Bakery in Ogden, 16 of the 34 people assigned the task are teachers.They are among a large percentage of Utah teachers who "moonlight" to supplement their salaries.

"Among teachers who are the primary wage-earners in their families, I'd say about 100 percent have second jobs," said Ron Johansen, Centerville, an English teacher at Viewmont High School. Teachers in two-earner families don't have as much pressure to find second jobs.

The bakery, Johansen said, looks for teachers to fill part-time slots. "They know they're good, reliable workers."

In his 19th year as a teacher and with a master's degree - which he earned while carrying a full teaching load - Johansen has reached the top of the scale in Davis District. He's beginning his fourth year without a salary increase.

"Ironically, at the bakery, I just got a $1.50 per hour raise," he said. Bakery workers at the Ogden plant begin at $8 an hour and receive automatic raises annually for three years - plus whatever other raises are negotiated with the company.

His regular part-time job, is, in fact, enviable to many other teachers who find themselves hustling every summer to find a job to tide them over until the school year begins again. Most of the available jobs offer minimum pay - if they can be found. Employers are not anxious to hire teachers for anything other than purely seasonal work.

Grant Schmidt, who lives in the same Centerville neighborhood, spent this summer working for the Davis District not as a teacher but as a groundskeeper. "I spent the summer in the blazing sun and made about as much as I'd make in several weeks of teaching," Schmidt said. Also a veteran teacher, he has supplemented his income over the years in a number of ways, including teaching community education and summer courses.

Schmidt said he believes his family has had to sacrifice as he has spent extra time supplementing his income. Working nights, weekends and summers, he has missed some special family occasions.

Johansen, who comes from a family of teachers, said, "If I worked full time up there cleaning machinery, I'd make much more than a beginning teacher."

Why, then, does he continue teaching?

"Because I'm a teacher. I've never seen any other profession where there is more chance to change lives. But it's a weird profession. The more you get to know and the better you become, the less you make, in comparison with other professions. I wouldn't encourage my kids to become teachers."

For six years, Johansen was assistant basketball coach at Viewmont, then he added another seven years as coach.

For working extra hours every school night "and usually Saturdays" for five months, he earned $1,000 above his regular salary.

"I just can't afford to coach," he said. The teacher in him feels bad about that, because he found golden teaching moments in the informality of athletics.

"You're walking along with your arm on a kid's shoulder and he says, `Coach, I've got this problem,' and pretty soon you're talking and he's on his way to taking care of it."

Johansen keeps a hand in by coaching the girls track

team, but as a practical matter, working at the bakery evenings and weekends simply pays $6,000-$7,000 more a year than coaching.

"Four years ago, this high school was fifth of the district schools on ACT scores. We were asked to bring the scores up, and we said, `All right, we'll do it.' Year before last, we were first. But no one seems to know or care."

In six class periods this year, he'll see 165 students, working with them to develop an appreciation for some of literature's great works - not an easy task in a day when teachers compete with electronic media.

Despite the challenges, Johansen greets the new school year with enthusiasm. It gives him 165 new opportunities to touch a life.