Soviet and U.S. arms control officials in Geneva began a major review of mutual compliance with their Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty on Wednesday amid charges that each side has deviated from the sense of the pact. Different interpretations of the 1972 treaty have emerged as a major obstacle to a proposed Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty to halve the superpowers' stocks of long-range nuclear weapons. Top arms control and defense officials plan to examine a U.S. complaint that a Soviet radar station breaches the treaty and almost certainly a Soviet rejection of the Reagan administration's new "broad" interpretation of the pact.