Propelled by his eclectic album "Back on the Block," producer-composer-arranger-musician Quincy Jones swept the 33rd annual Grammy Awards Wednesday night, capturing or sharing six awards. In doing so he became the all-time winner in non-classical Grammy categories.
Other top winners included Phil Collins; songwriter Julie Gold; newcomer Mariah Carey, who took home two Grammys, including best new artist; and rapper M.C. Hammer and the late conductor-composer Leonard Bernstein, both of whom earned three awards."I can't believe this," said Jones, a tremor in his voice as he accepted the album of the year award at New York City's Radio Music Hall. "I've been in this academy since 1958, and this is the first time I ever dared to think about having a Grammy under my own name. And I'm so proud."
He dedicated the Grammy to the late Sarah Vaughan, whose last performance was "Birdland" on the album, which covered just about every musical genre, including rap and jazz.
Besides album of the year, Jones won non-classical producer of the year; best jazz fusion performance for the album's "Birdland" track; best arrangement of an instrumental for "Birdland"; best instrumental arrangement accompanying vocals, for "The Places You Find Love"; and best rap performance by a duo or group for the title track, along with Ice-T, Melle Mel, Big Daddy Kane, Kool Moe Dee and Quincy D. III.
In addition, Ray Charles and Chaka Khan won best rhythm 'n' blues by a vocal duo or group for "I'll Be Good to You," a track on "Back on the Block." The engineer, Bruce Swedien, received the engineering award for a non-classical album, giving "Back on the Block" a total of eight Grammys.
Jones, 57, the most-nominated artist in Grammy history with 76, now holds 26 of the music awards. Only Sir Georg Solti has received more, 28 Grammys in classical music categories. The only artist to win more Grammys in one night is Michael Jackson, who walked away with eight awards in 1983.
Collins, who led with eight nominations, won record of the year for his single "Another Day in Paradise," about homelessness. "If I'd have gone home with eight nominations and no awards, my mother would have killed me," Collins said.
Gold won the song of the year Grammy for "From a Distance," a much-recorded song that became a hit single as performed by Bette Midler. The song was used to open the broad- cast, and Gold was asked by reporters if she thought the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences was sending a message to Washington.
"It makes a statement. I'm very honored they chose it," Gold said. "I really believe that war is an unnatural state and human beings don't want to be at war with each other," she said.
Rap sensation M.C. Hammer, who performed before the audience at Radio City Music Hall, won three awards in the early going.
"I would like to send this out to the families and to the men and women who are putting their lives on the line for us in the Persian Gulf," Hammer said in accepting the Grammy for solo rap performance for "U Can't Touch This."
"Your love is all-l-l-l-l I need," sang Luther Vandross, accepting the male rhythm and blues vocal Grammy for "Here and Now." The late Roy Orbison won the pop male vocal award for his 1964 rock standard "Oh, Pretty Woman."
"His voice was a gift. He always felt grateful that he got to do what he wanted to play and sing," said Barbara Orbison, his widow. Orbison was 52 when he died of a heart attack in 1988 after a comeback with the Trav-eling Wilburys.
Carey, whose seven-octave range was showcased on her eponymous debut album, won Grammys as female pop vocalist for "Vision of Love" and as best new artist.
"I feel very fortunate to even have a record deal," said Carey, 20. "So many artists have to wait 10 years just to get a record deal."
Harry Connick Jr., 23, won the male jazz vocal Grammy for "We Are in Love." Ella Fitzgerald, 72, won the female jazz award for "All That Jazz." It was Fitzgerald's 13th Grammy. Jazz pianist Oscar Peterson won both jazz instrumental Grammys.
Bernstein won three Grammys, including classical album of the year.
Linda Ronstadt and Aaron Neville won pop performance by a duo or group for the second consecutive year, this time for their "All My Life" duet. Last year it was "Don't Know Much."
Anita Baker's "Compositions" won the best female R&B vocal performance.
Vince Gill won the male country vocal Grammy for "When I Call Your Name," and the Kentucky Headhunters won the country performance Grammy for a duo or group.
Yoko Ono, widow of John Lennon, accepted a special lifetime achievement award after a tribute to her husband. "John would have been especially pleased to be noticed by an industry he helped expand," she said.
Bob Dylan, who performed for the audience, country-western singer Kitty Wells and opera singer Marian Anderson also were awarded lifetime achievement awards.
British rocker Eric Clapton won the male rock vocal award for "Bad Love," and the hard-rock Grammy went to Living Colour for "Time's Up." The rock group or duo performance award went to Aerosmith for "Janie's Got a Gun."
Aerosmith performed "Come Together" during the Lennon tribute. "It was the biggest thrill of the evening, giving something back to the Beatles," said lead singer Steven Tyler. "I mean, those guys never won a Grammy."
Tito Puente got a standing ovation as he walked from the rear of the hall to collect the tropical-Latin performance Grammy with Millie P. for "Tito Puente Presents Millie P."
In awards announced prior to the televised ceremony, Hammer won for best rhythm and blues song for "U Can't Touch This," a songwriter's award he shares with Rick James and Alonzo Miller. The song borrowed riffs from James' hit single, "Super Freak." Hammer also won for best music video-long form for "Please Hammer Don't Hurt 'Em the Movie."
Jones, along with rappers Ice-T, Melle Mel, Big Daddy Kane, Kool Moe Dee and Quincy D. III, won for best rap performance by a duo or group.
Another track from Jones' "Back on the Block" album, "I'll Be Good to You," by Ray Charles and Chaka Khan, won best R&B performance by a duo or group with vocals.
Rap group nominees Public Enemy boycotted the ceremony, condemning as racist the decision to present some of the rap Grammys prior to the televised portion of the show.
Sinead O'Connor, up for four awards, won the alternative music performance Grammy for "I Do Not Want What I Haven't Got." She did not attend the event, saying her decision was based on the Grammys' recognition of sales over art.
Security was tight for the televised portion, which began at 8 p.m. EST on CBS and ran late, closing at 11:36 p.m. Police, guards, bomb-sniffing dogs and hand-held metal detectors were inside and outside the hall, and adjoining side streets were closed to traffic.