The Patriot missiles that flame into Middle Eastern skies seeking to destroy Iraqi Scud missiles are shaped and powered by parts made in Utah.
So are the Tomahawk cruise missiles that have struck Baghdad and other targets in the heart of Iraq with pinpoint accuracy from as far away as the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf.Ditto for the Sparrow, Sidewinder and Phoenix missiles that U.S. planes have used in Iraq and Kuwait to shoot down enemy jets and hit other targets.
In fact, about every high-tech weapon used in the Persian Gulf - ranging from new fighter jets to anti-tank rockets and shells - was made in Utah or has ties to Utah companies, said Sen. Orrin Hatch, R-Utah.
"Utah has a significant impact on the equipment that our troops are using in Desert Storm," Hatch said. "We're proud of the quality of the workmanship we have out there in Utah and the quality of the defense industry that we have."
Hatch, a member of the Senate Intelligence Committee, outlined for the Deseret News some of the weapons with Utah ties that will be used in each expected phase of the war.
During the present early air battles to obtain air supremacy, knock out air defenses, destroy chemical- and germ-warfare capabilities and disrupt communication and command, Hatch said the following weapons are key:
- Tomahawk cruise missile. "The Tomahawks that have been used with a great deal of effect have their engines built by Williams International, which of course is a Utah-based company, and Flameco/
Barnes," Hatch said.
"The guidance systems for the Tomahawk are also made in Utah by Litton." The missile was also tested and proved at Utah's Dugway Proving Ground.
- Patriot missile. "The air frame is made by Hercules and the power systems by Varian - both Utah companies," Hatch said.
He is pleased by the Patriot's general success against Scuds - especially because the Patriot tries to knock down missiles in their hardest-to-intercept phase: at low altitude not long before impact. "It has been working pretty doggone well."
Hatch also noted that the Patriots grew out of the Strategic Defense Initiative, or "Star Wars" program, to knock down missiles from outer space.
"Without `Star Wars,' they (Patriots) would not exist. . . . It makes our point that we should not have been cutting back on SDI over these past five years."
- Sidewinder, Sparrow and Phoenix missiles. "Thiokol and Hercules make components for a wide range of tactical weapons such as these, all of which have been used," Hatch said.
- F-14D, FA-18, F-15, F16 and A-10 fighters and bombers. Hatch said such aircraft all have some key components from Utah companies, such as engines by Flameco; air frames by Parker-Bertea Aerospace; communication systems by Unisys and Rockwell-Collins; bomb racks by Teleflex; and engine gear boxes by Lucas/Western Gear.
He also said they all use light-weight composite materials manufactured by Hercules in their frames.
As the war moves to soften up entrenched Iraqi ground forces before invasion by allies, Hatch said the following weapon systems will be key:
- AH-64 Apache attack helicopter. Hatch said it is also made with some Parker-Bertea components in its frame, and fires TOW and Hellfire missiles, "which Hercules helped develop," against tanks and armored vehicles.
- SADARM (anti-armor artillery) rounds. Such rounds used by A-10 anti-tank aircraft "have components made by Teleflex of Spanish Fork as a subcontractor to Aerojet in California," Hatch said.
- Communication systems. Some "made by Rockwell-Collins will be used to coordinate Navy air strikes," Hatch said. "STABRO Laboratories will re-calibrate electronic equipment as it loses effectiveness with use."
- Ship-to-shore fire. Hatch said, "Naval gunfire directed against shore targets will depend on EDO (a Utah company) electronic systems to protect the ships . . . and along with Litton's guidance systems, ensure good firing position."
- U.S. artillery batteries. Hatch said they "will depend on Litton's `position azimuth determination systems' (PADS) for accuracy as they target and strike Iraqi defensive positions."
As the war moves toward invasion by allied ground forces, Hatch said the following equipment from Utah companies will be key:
- Ground antennas. Such antennas made by Eyring are placed on the ground and do not give away soldiers' positions as tall antennas would.
Hatch said, "Eyring's antennas will keep troops informed as to their geographical location in the vast desert regions and facilitate rapid communication between units."
- AWACs, TR-1, OV-10 and British Tornado aircraft. Hatch said, "Aircraft from all services, and Tornadoes from the United Kingdom, will use Litton guidance systems for such functions as:
"AWACS - controlled air strikes; TR-1 - aerial surveillance; and OV-10 Marine Corps command and control of air and ground operations," Hatch said.
- UH-60 Blackhawk helicopters. That craft will ferry troops and ammunition to battle areas. Hatch said its pilots are "trained on Evans and Sutherland simulation systems." Also, its engines have Flameco parts.
Sandy-based Terabit has also produced successful simulator systems for aircraft now used in the Persian Gulf.
Defense has also long been important to Utah's economy. As of 1988, three of Utah's top 20 employers were defense contractors: Thiokol with 8,000 employees; Hercules, 4,500; and Unisys, 3,500.
Also among the top 20 employers were two defense installations: Hill Air Force Base with 13,500 employees (the state's largest employer), and Tooele Army Depot with 4,000.
Also, the Aerospace Industries Association yearbook lists the fiscal 1989 contracts for some defense contractors with Utah operations, including: McDonnell Douglas, $8.6 billion; Rockwell International, $2.1 billion; Litton, $1.4 billion; IBM, $1.3 billion; and Unisys, $1.2 billion.