Here are some of the more exotic military and geographic terms, code names and slang words being used in reports from the Persian Gulf:
AWACS - Airborne warning and control system. A jet that monitors air space with its big external radar dome and guides fighters and bombers to their targets. It can stay in the air for more than 11 hours.
Collateral Damage - Military jargon for civilian losses.
Chaf - Metal foil dispensed by warplanes to confuse enemy radar.
Frogfoot - Iraq has about 60 of these SU-25 attack planes (range 470-780 miles) similar to the at least 100 American A-10 Thunderbolts deployed by the Allies.
Fur Ball - Military pilot slang for the hectic tangle of air-to-air dogfights.
Golden BB - Soviet doctrine the Iraqis are said to be emulating in their air defense efforts: If enough bullets and other projectiles fill the sky during an air raid, at least a few are bound to hit the target.
Operation Desert Storm - Military code name for the war in the gulf.
LANTIRN - Low altitude navigation and targeting infrared night. One model of the F-16 fighter, called the "Night Falcon" for its advanced night-flying capability, has "pods" underneath which hold LANTIRN systems.
Mort themselves out - Jet fighter pilot slang for planes shooting one another accidentally. The term fratricide is also used.
Scud - Soviet made surface to surface ballistic missile. There are three Iraqi versions that can carry explosive or chemical warheads to targets 360 to 1,200 miles away.
Sebkha - An Arab word for underground river. Sebkhas that turn the ground into quagmires impossible to cross with tanks lie near the Saudi border and south of Kuwait City.
Sortie - One mission by a single military plane.
Stealth - Term applied to planes designed to remain nearly invisible to enemy radar. The F-117A, a single-seat, Stealth-equipped jet was used in the original raid on Baghdad. Its range and armaments are classified.
SAM - Surface to air missile. Iraq has about 10 different types, including Soviet-built SA-6s, shoulder-fired SA-7s, French Rolands and American-made modernized Hawks captured in Kuwait.
Tomahawk - Unmanned, rocket-launched, jet-propelled (also termed "air breathing") cruise missile fired from ships or submarines. The cruise missile can also be launched from B-52 bombers. It can hug the ground and is guided to a preprogrammed target approximately 800 miles away by an on-board computer.
TOW - Acronym for tube-launched, optically-tracked, wire-guided missile.
Wadi - An Arab word for dry ravine or valley. A wadi runs all along the Kuwait border, and Iraqis have set up a defense line behind it.
Wild Weasel - The F-4G fighter whose main mission is electronic countermeasures that can knock out or suppress enemy radar installations. The allies have two dozen of these jets with a 500-mile range and air-to-ground missiles.
Zulu - Greenwich Mean Time or GMT. When it's 0000 zulu (or midnight GMT) it's 7 p.m. on the U.S. East Coast and 3 a.m. in Iraq, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. The military uses zulu as its time reference worldwide.