Gunmen with automatic rifles fired on pedestrians, motorists and into homes in a black township outside Johannesburg, killing three people, police said Friday.

Six more blacks died in other township unrest overnight, officials said.The conservative Inkatha Freedom Party told black township residents Friday they could quell the upsurge in black-on-black violence by cooperating with officials and rejecting mass action tactics such as rent strikes.

At the same time, the leader of the militant Pan Africanist Congress opened a meeting of his group with a harsh appraisal of the government's reforms.

Clarence Makwetu told congress delegates meeting in Soweto that President F.W. de Klerk's racial reforms were of "no consequence."