Prime Minister V.P. Singh lost a vote of confidence in Parliament Wednesday, ending 11 months in office troubled by increasingly violent religious and political upheavals.

He was defeated by a vote of 346 to 142, according to United News of India and Press Trust of India. Singh was expected to submit his resignation to President Ramaswamy Venkataraman.After the vote, Singh's former allies who turned against him approached him on the floor and shook his hand.

The vote came at the end of an 11-hour debate in which Singh was accused of leading the country deeper into class divisions, failing to control prices and ignoring separatist insurrections in border states.

Singh, claiming he had tried to hold the country together, appealed to Parliament to preserve India's secular government.

His chief rival, fellow secular politician Chandra Shekhar, replied that Singh should stop shedding "crocodile tears" and resign to spare the country more bloodshed.