Molda-via's parliament ordered all militias to disband within 24 hours after its president urged lawmakers to reconsider laws that have encouraged ethnic unrest in the independence-minded republic.
The speech Sunday by President Mircha Snegur marked the first time the ethnic Moldavian leadership had accepted blame for separatist movements in the Turkish-Christian Ga-gauz region in the south and the predominantly Russian and Ukrainian Dniester area in the east, lawmakers said.On Saturday, Snegur and representatives of the separatist groups met with President Mikhail S. Gorba-chev in Moscow and agreed to a moratorium on the acts that helped precipitate the crisis.
Details of the moratorium have not been worked out. Lawmakers said it probably would mean the Ga-gauz and Dniester regions would suspend their declarations of autonomy and planned elections.
In return, the republic's government would soften a language law that made Moldavian the national language and required people in dozens of jobs, ranging from doctors to hairdressers, to pass tests in Moldavian by 1995.
Both the Gagauz and Dniester separatists claim discrimination by Moldavians, who themselves want independence from the Soviet Union.
Moldavia, a republic on 4.3 million people on the Romanian border, asked for help from Soviet Interior Ministry troops after an Aug. 18 autonomy declaration by the Gagauz, who number about 150,000.
After the president's speech Sunday, Moldavia's parliament passed a resolution ordering all militias - Moldavians, Russians, Ukrainians and Gagauz - to disband within 24 hours. Some units have reportedly armed themselves.
In neighboring Romania on Sunday, thousands of demonstrators demanded reunification with their ethnic kin in Moldavia.