The government lifted sweeping emergency regulations in 11 black townships around Johannesburg Wednesday, citing a sharp drop in black factional fighting that prompted the measures in late August.

But Law and Order Minister Adriaan Vlok said the special rules, giving police wide powers of search and arrest and imposed in 27 townships on Aug. 24, would be maintained in 16 other areas because they were still experiencing sporadic violence.The violence left at least 800 people dead during August and September.

At the same time as Vlok's announcement, 31 unidentified victims of the violence were being buried in a mass but low-key ceremony in the nation's largest black township of Soweto.

The move also came as a police statement said a senior member of the exclusively Zulu Inkatha movement was gunned down in broad daylight Tuesday in the center of the troubled Natal province city of Pietermaritzburg.

President Frederik de Klerk lifted a 52-month-old state of emergency in Natal on Oct. 18, also crediting a tail-off in violence. Police said Wednesday the latest killing was "part of this region's small and regular black-on-black outbursts."

Vlok, announcing the lifting of special measures in the 11 Transvaal townships, said, "A large measure of calm" had returned.

Pretoria imposed the emergency measures after more than two weeks of factional fighting killed some 500 people. But the battles continued and the major violence was only quelled after another month and 300 deaths by the introduction of the military-style Operation Iron Fist.

Meanwhile, the police, reacting to the murder in Soweto of an elderly New Zealander, warned tourists not to enter black townships unaccompanied.

"People should as far as possible travel with someone who knows the area," said police spokesman Go-vindsamy Marie-Muthoo.

Alfred Harrison, 74, was shot to death by robbers Tuesday in Sowe-to's Meadowlands district. His wife Phyllis, 69, was wounded and is recovering in a hospital.

Marie-Muthoo told Reuters the Harrisons were not attacked because they were white.