There is no shortage of candidates in the six state representative races in the south half of Utah County. Two of the districts have four candidates -- Democrats, Republicans, libertarians and the American Party. Two other races have three candidates.
In one district, two former Springville mayors -- J. Brent Haymond and Ken Creer -- are among the candidates. And in the county's southwesternmost district, incumbent Bill Wright is being challenged by the Drew Daniels, who held the seat prior to the 1988 election.these are the candidates voters will have to choose from during the general election on Nov. 6:
The district will have a new representative in January because incumbent Jeril Wilson, R-Provo, is not running for re-election. Voters will choose between Republican Jeff Alexander and Democrat Mike Marchant.
Jeff Alexander, 36, 3222 Apache Lane, owns and operates Alexander's Print Shop. He serves on the board of the Provo/Orem Chamber of Commerce, the Provo Library, the Provo Rotary Club and the Association of Downtown Merchants.
Alexander says he favors the initiative to eliminate the sales tax on food but is unsure whether it's the right thing to do. He said questions about lost funding and reduced services need to be answered.
"If the voters say to remove the tax, are they telling us to cut the services these taxes provide or are they telling us to find the money through another tax source?" Alexander said.
He said that if the initiative passes, either services will have to be cut or sales tax on other items increased. He said local governments would be left to deal with the shortfall if the tax is removed.
Alexander favors legal abortion in cases of rape, incest or concerns for the mother's health. He also favors a constitutional amendment banning flag desecration.
He says government is getting too big. "The sales-tax issue wouldn't be such a big issue if we hadn't become so dependent on the government in the past," he said.
Mike Marchant, 63, 2877 N. 220 East, has been a professor at Brigham Young University for 21 years in library and information sciences. He has served on the Utah State Library Board and as Utah County Democratic Party chairman. He is a member of the Nature Conservancy, Amnesty International, Habitat for Humanity and Common Cause. He has written three books.
Marchant is not taking a stand on the food-tax initiative, even though he says the tax is unfair. If the initiative passes, he said he would support a tax revision to make up the lost revenue. He said income taxes would have to be increased for the wealthy and corporations, and tax breaks for the ski industry and other big businesses canceled.
He said that if the state ends up with a budget surplus for fiscal 1989-90, it should go toward education.
He agrees that abortion should be allowed in cases of rape, incest, a badly damaged fetus or concern for the mother's health. Marchant does not support a constitutional amendment banning flag desecration.
Marchant said education, fair taxation, the environment and resource conservation are critical issues facing government. "A continuation of past policies is a prescription for failure. Success requires identifying and vigorously adjusting to a set of critical issues," he said.
District 62 covers northeast Provo - generally everything north of Brigham Young University, plus a section between I-15 and BYU from the Provo River to 1460 North.
Residents in this district will have a choice between youth and experience to replace outgoing Rep. Janette Hales, R-Provo.
Vying for Hales' seat, which surrounds Brigham Young University and encompasses much of Provo's east side, are Republican Jordan Tanner, 58, and American Party candidate Sterling Allan, 26.
Tanner, 1871 N. 1450 East, is an adjunct professor at BYU and a retired foreign service officer, including service in embassies in Korea, Australia and South Africa.
Allan, 1175 N. Briar Ave., is a recent BYU graduate, the author of "The Vision of All: Our Past, Present and Future as Foretold in the Book of Mormon" and chairman of the American Party of Utah County. He volunteers reading for the blind and has developed the American Study Group, which meets weekly to study the Constitution, current events and prophecy.
While both would support abortion rights only in cases of rape, incest or when the mother's life is threatened, on other issues the two candidates are sharply divided.
Tanner said he does not favor removal of sales tax on food, because it "would have a major negative impact on revenue available for education and for the cities and towns of Utah." Should the food-tax removal pass, he said, a general review of all state services would be required to determine possible program spending cuts.
Allan said he opposes removal of the tax on food because "a flat tax is really the most fair taxation system. We should not tax such crucial items as food and air - in fact, the entire taxation system is in dire need of revision."
Tanner said he would support a constitutional amendment "strictly limited to banning desecration or burning of the American flag." On the other hand, Allan said he would not support a constitutional amendment banning desecration of the flag because it is "so trivial - flag burning is just symptomatic of much deeper problems facing this country."
Economic development is one of the major problems facing the state, Tanner said. "Utah needs to expand its programs to encourage high-tech industry to the state. Such industry would provide higher-paying jobs, making it possible for more university graduates in the state to remain in Utah and increase state sales-tax revenues, which could then have a positive impact on funding available for needed education reforms."
According to Allan, one of the most pressing needs for the country is to reduce the size of the federal government and to return the power of government to the state level.
District 63, in Provo, generally runs from 2320 North to 600 North east of University Avenue, including the BYU campus.
Republican Byron L. Harward is asking voters to send him back for a third term.
Harward, 40, is the assistant majority whip, which means it's his job to line up the ranks when a crucial vote is under way.
Harward, 1483 E. 950 South, is owner-operator of Spectrum, a law publishing company. Harward serves as a board member for the Center for Women and Children in Crisis.
Harward opposes the initiative to remove sales tax from food.
"I will vote `no' because the programs supported by the sales tax will be significantly affected, and the income-tax surpluses can't be used to make up the difference because of the Utah Constitution," Harward said. "I think everyone should pay some tax, and this is the only tax some people pay."
Harward believes abortion should be legal only in cases involving rape, incest or when the health of the mother or the viability of the fetus is in question.
He supports a constitutional amendment banning flag burning as long as it allows for proper disposal of flags via burning. The amendment should prohibit flag desecration without focusing on the perpetrator's thoughts or beliefs.
American Party candidate Wilma L. Ray believes the major problems facing Utah are low wages, high taxes, infiltration of the community by pornography, homosexuality, drugs and alcohol, and laxity in apprehending and prosecuting criminals.
Ray, 77, is a retired schoolteacher and lives at 291 N. 500 East.
She believes school attendance should be voluntary rather than compulsory and that Utah should provide some instruction for those who are not interested or capable in scholastics - "schools of carpentry, welding, bricklaying, home management, painting, electrical wiring, plumbing, child development."
Ray favors removal of the sales tax on food.
"It seems a bit inconsistent to me that we will have a multimillion (dollar) surplus and still need the food tax to offset a shortfall," Ray said. "There are people in Utah who do not eat properly simply because their paycheck doesn't cover rent, utilities, doctor fees and other essentials."
Ray supports a constitutional amendment to ban desecrating the American flag. "One who would burn or desecrate the symbol of our country is akin to a traitor," she said.
There is not enough capital invested in jobs and industry in the state, Libertarian Party candidate Sharon Bird says.
As a legislator, Bird would "cut taxes and government and allow the free market to work." Bird, 53, is a manuscript typist and lives at 303 E. 100 North. She is a former chairwoman of the Utah County Libertarian Party.
Bird favors removal of the food tax. "Too much government is harmful to the economy, and taxes fuel this harm," Bird said.
If the initiative passes, Bird thinks there should be an across-the-board reduction in all programs and departments to make up for the revenue shortfall. That would result in a 1 percent or 2 percent cut, Bird said.
The multimillion-dollar surplus in fiscal 1989-90 should be given back to the people, she said.
On abortion, Bird believes "it is an individual decision and not for a tribunal to decide." She opposes a constitutional amendment to prevent flag desecration because "the symbol is not more important that what it stands for."
Utah needs a more equitable tax system - one that doesn't discriminate so much against middle-income taxpayers, says James Pettersson, Democratic candidate in District 64.
Pettersson, 37, lives at 651 N. 850 West. He is an educator at Utah Valley Community College and an avid outdoorsman. He has been a voting district chairman and a county and state delegate.
Utah should use surplus funds from fiscal 1989-90 to assist the educational system, Pettersson says. And some funds could be used to bolster state social programs. But Pettersson believes the state should continue to save its money rather than spending it just because it is there.
Pettersson favors a reduction in the tax on food but believes the reduction should be phased in slowly so entities dependent on the revenue can gauge the impact of less revenue and proceed accordingly. If voters approve the food-tax initiative, Pettersson believes entities should make across-the-board cuts to make up for revenue shortfalls.
He believes abortions should be allowed only in cases of rape, incest, when the mother's health is endangered or the fetus is not viable.
Pettersson supports a constitutional amendment to protect the flag. But he would vote for an amendment only if it had the support of a majority of residents.
District 64, in Provo, generally includes the area east of 200 West between 600 North and 600 South, plus a section from 900 West to 200 West between 1230 North and 100 South.
Businessman J. Brent Haymond is the Republican candidate to succeed Rep. Don R. Strong, R-Springville, who unsuccessfully sought the position of Utah County attorney.
Haymond, 55, lives at 164 W. 200 South, Springville. He is president of Intex Corp., an independent power producer. Haymond's company builds gas-fired power generators.
Haymond says the biggest problems facing Utah are economic development, education, the environment and tax levels.
He opposes eliminating the sales tax on food because Utah would lose tax money from tourists' food purchases in Utah. He said four skiers in town for the weekend spend more at restaurants than a family would spend on food in a week.
If Utah voters choose to eliminate the food tax, Haymond said, the shortfall should be picked up by adjusting other taxes. Shortfalls to local governments, the Utah Transit Authority and the Winter Olympic funding also would have to be helped by adjusting other taxes.
If fiscal 1989-90 results in a multimillion-dollar surplus, Haymond said, the money should be used to purchase teaching materials for schools, particularly computers.
Haymond would vote to ratify a constitutional amendment banning desecration or burning of the U.S. flag. He supports abortion only in cases of rape, incest or danger to the mother.
Haymond served as mayor of Springville from 1981 to 1985. He is Springville Museum of Art board president and serves on the boards of the World Folkfest and the Utah Association of Municipal Power Systems.
Democrat Ken Creer, 328 S. 1000 East, Springville, describes himself as an advocate of education and sees education as the major problem facing Utah.
A retired veterinarian, Creer, 66, was state commissioner of agriculture for six years. He served Springville as mayor for two terms and a councilman for two terms. He also is interested in Scouting and enjoys golf. Creer is a relief veterinarian three days a week.
Creer opposes the removal of the food tax. "The entire tax structure should be considered by a legislative study committee. All taxes being considered would be a more equitable way to balance the tax burdens."
If voters remove the sales tax, Creer is concerned that small cities would suffer most with the revenue loss. He thinks the state would need to help those cities. However, Creer is not sure the Legislature is responsible for solving the local-government shortfall.
Local governments, Utah Transit Authority funding and Utah Winter Olympic funding are issues that "would need to be addressed with tax adjustments. Programs would be cut, but it would need study before I could say what."
In the event of a fiscal 1989-90 surplus, Creer would want a reserve of at least 3 percent to 5 percent. If any money remained, Creer said, the many programs asking for funding would have to be considered and priorities set.
Creer would not ratify a constitutional amendment banning flag burning. He opposes abortion except for instances of incest, rape, possible death of the mother or an abnormal fetus.
Kelvin Smith is the American Party candidate. He sees the federal government as the biggest problem facing the state of Utah. His solution is for the state to refuse to take federal money.
Smith, 29, said local governments should have greater control. He is opposed to a constitutional amendment against flag burning because he is "opposed to any amendments being added." He would support the repeal of many amendments, described by Smith as cluttering the Constitution.
Smith, 55 N. 900 West, Provo, is 29 and a senior computer programmer. He has been a delegate to the state American Party convention.
Smith supports the repeal of the tax on food, as he is in favor of removing most taxes. He recommends cutting costs to deal with revenue shortfalls. Money can be taken out of education and welfare. Smith said many programs can be eliminated or cut back.
If there is a surplus for fiscal 1989-90, Smith recommends that taxes be cut and the surplus kept for the next year. "Don't spend it."
Smith believes questions such as abortion should be left to the lowest possible form of government. He personally approves of abortion only in cases where the mother's health is threatened.
Beryl Furner sees money as the biggest problem facing state government. The Libertarian candidate recommends that government privatize its services. "Stop favors and handouts in return for votes. Return responsibility to the people."
Furner, 391 S. 600 West, Provo, has had a number of occupations - "40 different jobs over 35 years."
Furner has had no previous government or political experience but is interested in economics, writing, the study of human behavior and beliefs. She is interested in solutions and ideas.
Furner favors the removal of the tax on food. "We must cut government spending starting somewhere, somehow."
Government shortfalls should be dealt with by phasing in privatization. Furner recommends giving the Utah Transit Authority back to local communities to "eliminate the waste of running empty buses around and around." Olympic funding should be discontinued.
"Government has no business in private decisions," said Furner in response to a question about legalized abortion. "This is the responsibility of home and church and individual."
Likewise, Furner opposes a constitutional amendment on flag burning.
District 65 comprises Springville and south Provo. The Provo section generally includes everything south of 600 South, plus a strip between 200 West and I-15 as far north as 500 North.
Charlie Bates, a Republican from Mapleton, and Florence G. Bale, Provo, representing the American Party, are running against incumbent Tim Moran, a Democrat from Spanish Fork.
Florence G. Bale, 213 N. 250 West, said she would favor removing the food tax if "spending is correspondingly reduced because shifting the tax to other areas would accomplish no real purpose."
If the tax is removed, Bale said, the only way to deal with the cut in revenue is to start eliminating social programs.
"Charity is not the government's responsibility," she said. "Help for the truly needy should come from local jurisdictions or from private charitable organizations."
Bale also said the Utah Transit Authority should be self-supporting and taxpayers should not fund programs such as the Olympics.
Because Bale believes that excessive taxation is a major problem facing state government, she would use any excess money to pay off existing debts and then she would reduce taxes.
She believes government should be reduced at all levels and most decisions left to local governments.
Bale has worked for the City of San Diego in the office of administrative management and also served on the Utah County Council on Aging until the agency was abolished.
She is a retired accountant and office manager.
Charlie Bates, 1120 S. 1000 East, opposes the removal of sales tax on food. "I don't think the state could stand the cut in revenue," he said. "I can't think of another way that taxing could be fairer."
If Utahns vote to remove the tax, Bates said, there is little likelihood state government would cut programs. The changes would have to come from additional revenue sources.
He said the major problem facing Utah is lack of revenue, and, if there is some surplus funds, he would apply the money toward this problem and look toward preparing for the future.
"I would also put increased emphasis on industrial development," Bates said. The government could also look into the state's taxing structure and modify it in ways that would be more attractive to investing businesses.
Bates said he would vote for a constitutional amendment banning desecration of the flag. "There are limits to the freedom of speech," he said.
Bates is retired. He was chief executive officer of Valtek in Springville. He said he has served on various state committees, including a state advisory council on vocational education and, in 1989, the governor's "War on Drugs" task force.
Tim Moran, 390 S. 300 East, also is opposed to the initiative to remove sales tax from food, because "it is the only tax some people pay."
If the initiative passes, he said, local governments and entities such as the Utah Transit Authority would have to increase fees to take up the slack in revenue.
Moran says the biggest problem facing state government right now is tax revenue.
"We need to learn to use tax monies," he said. "We must become more efficient and more responsive to the public."
If there were a surplus in state funds, Moran said, he would put it away in a "rainy day" fund or use it to pay for things that some taxes are now paying for and then cut taxes. "We should not give a refund," he said.
Moran said his hobby is working for people, and "that's why I keep running for office."
He is retired from the Nebo School District, where he was a principal and a teacher, and has served as a legislator for six years. He is a former mayor and city councilman for Spanish Fork.
District 66 includes southwest Provo, generally the area west of I-15; Springville; and Mapleton.
Extreme environmentalism is beginning to limit use of resources in the United States and is cutting into the country's tax base, says Republican Bill Wright, Elberta, who is seeking a second term in the Legislature.
In fact, extreme environmentalism and the spiraling cost of health care are the biggest problems facing the country, Wright said.
Wright, 43, is a dairy farmer and businessman. He is a 4-H adviser, works in local schools with vocational programs and is involved with a service group that maintains community parks.
Wright proposes that surplus revenue from fiscal 1989-90 be used for one-time projects or for capital improvements such as highway construction.
He opposes the initiative to exempt food from sales tax.
"When we nail the (tax) base we have to raise the (tax) rate somewhere else," Wright said. "I think we need to keep the base broad in our taxing system."
But if voters remove the tax on food, he'll honor that mandate and look at making across-the-board cuts in services. Local governments and other sales-tax-supported entities would have to do likewise, he said.
He favors a constitutional amendment to protect the flag. And, he supports abortion only when the mother's life is endangered, in cases of rape or incest or when the fetus is not viable.
The sales tax on food is as close as Utah comes to a head tax on residents and should not be removed, says Democrat Drew Daniels.
If the food-tax initiative is passed by Utah voters, Daniels thinks it should be phased in and the revenue shortfall made up with increases in the income tax.
Daniels, 32, is an educator. He lives in Salem and served one term in the House of Representatives, 1987-88.
The biggest problems facing the state are poverty, homelessness, low-income housing and health care.
"We all pay for this one way or another," Daniels said.
Bolstering the state's education system would be a place to start correcting these problems, he said.
Daniels would use surplus revenue from fiscal 1989-90 on Utah's roads and for class-size reduction. He also thinks excess funds should be given back to local governments to use as needed.
Abortion should be allowed only for health reasons and in cases of rape, Daniels said.
American Party candidate O. Dean Pendleton is against taxes - period. However, he realizes debts have to be paid. He is neutral on the food-tax initiative, but if it passes he thinks state government should cut services.
He would support cutting student drivers education classes, the school lunch program and state funding for day-care centers.
"I'm a firm believer in individuals taking responsibility - not shoving it off on society," Pendleton said.
Pendleton, 65, is a farmer, dairyman and is involved in timbering and mining. He lives in Elberta. He is active in the Boy Scouts of America and the John Birch Society.
He would like to "wipe out" the State Board of Education. Teachers should be paid more and administrators less, Pendleton said.
Any surplus revenue from fiscal 1989-90 should be used to pay off legitimate debts, Pendleton said.
He believes abortion should be allowed only in cases of rape, incest or where the mother's life is threatened.
District 67 includes Payson, Salem, Santaquin, Benjamin, Elberta, Goshen, Genola, Elk Ridge and Woodland Hills.