Lebanon's political mob war has spared no one.
Leaders from all major Moslem and Christian groups in the bloody 15-year power struggle have been assassinated by bullets or bombs.The latest victim, Christian leader Dany Chamoun, was slain Sunday when five gunmen burst into his Beirut apartment. The five uniformed gunmen, who used silencer-equipped pistols, also killed his wife and two small sons.
The slayings were branded by Christian and Moslem leaders alike as an attempt to block a plan to end the civil war, which has primarily pitted Moslems against Christians.
Chamoun, a Maronite Catholic and the son of late President Camille Chamoun, was one of the most outspoken critics of President Elias Hrawi and Syria's military presence in Lebanon.
He also was at odds with Christian warlord Samir Geagea, whose Lebanese Forces militia fought a four-month war with Gen. Michel Aoun's troops early this year for mastery of the Christian hinterland.
Chamoun was a top supporter of Aoun, who took refuge in the French Embassy a week ago after being routed by government and Syrian troups. France granted him asylum in August 1987. But in 1980 and 1987, he narrowly escaped assassination when remote-controlled bombs exploded near his car, wounding him both times.
On June 13, 1978, Christian militiamen loyal to Bashir Gemayel murdered Tony Franjieh, son and political heir of Suleiman Franjieh, president of Lebanon from 1970 to 1976.
Franjieh's wife and 3-year-old daughter were also killed.
Gemayel later admitted that his men were involved - but said they had no authorization to kill Franjieh, who led a rival militia.
Four years later, Gemayel was slain at age 34. Three weeks after being elected president on Aug. 23, 1982, he was killed in an explosion at the headquarters of his Phalange Party, the leading Maronite Christian political grouping.
Rene Mouawad, head of an important Christian clan in northeast Lebanon, did not even last as long as Gemayel did as president.
On Nov. 22, 1989, just 17 days after his election, a remote-controlled bomb killed Mouawad. He was succeeded by Hrawi, who is seeking to implement an Arab League-brokered peace plan.
The most important surviving Christian militia leader, Geagea, has survived several assassination attempts.
Moslem factions have also seen their top chiefs murdered.
Prime Minister Rashid Karami, the most prominent Sunni Moslem leader in Lebanon, was killed June 1, 1987, when a bomb exploded aboard an army helicopter in which he was a passenger.
The current prime minister, Salim Hoss, has tasted the threat of assassination.
Hoss, a prominent Sunni Moslem leader, was education minister in 1984 when a bomb exploded as he drove to a mosque, wounding him with glass and shrapnel.
Lebanon's largest religious group, the Shiite Moslems, lost their leader Musa Sadr. He disappeared in 1978 while on a trip to Libya. Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi has backed the Sunnis. Sadr is presumed to have been murdered.
Kamal Jumblatt, a prominent left-wing political leader and chief of Lebanon's Druse sect, which fields one of the toughest militias, was machine-gunned to death at a road ambush in March 1977.
His son and successor, Walid Jumblatt, survives uneasily. In June 1987, he asked an aide to open a gift that appeared to be a case containing a pen. It exploded, blowing the aide's hands off.
Prominent foreigners have also fallen in the spate of assassinations.
In June 1976, kidnappers took U.S. Ambassador Francis E. Meloy and his economic counselor, Robert O. Waring, from their limousine. Their bullet-riddled bodies were recovered later at a beach in Moslem west Beirut.
Four French Embassy staffers have been killed since 1981, including Ambassador Louis Delamar when three gunmen fired on him on Sept. 4, 1981, just outside his home.
Malcolm Kerr, president of American University of Beirut, was shot to death in a hallway outside his office in January 1984.
On Oct. 23, 1983, a suicide truck-bomber blew up the headquarters of the French contingent of the multinational peacekeeping force in Beirut, killing 58 French soldiers.
A similar bombing was carried out at the same time against the force's U.S. Marine contingent, killing 241 Americans. The bombings were claimed by the pro-Iranian Shiite extremist group called Islamic Jihad, or Islamic Holy War.